Zero evidence for widely marketed Tx for leaky bladder/prolapse

Organisation: Position: Deadline Date: Location:

AHTThere is no scientific evidence that a workout widely taught to more than 1,500 coaches in 14 countriess to manage the symptoms of a leaky bladder and/or womb prolapse actually works, conclude experts.

The abdominal hypopressive technique (AHT) has been taught to more than 1,500 coaches in 14 countries, and has been widely publicised on TV and on social media. AHT is a breathing and corrective postural technique, which aims to lessen abdominal pressure – the theory being that this can involuntarily activate muscles in the abdominal wall and pelvic floor, so reducing urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse.

It was developed in the 1980s by a physical therapist, Dr Marcel Caufriez, and is widely known and used in Europe, and North and South America. It involves breathing in deeply through the diaphragm, and contracting the abdominal muscles after fully breathing out and holding the breath before relaxing.

AHT is one of several methods based on breathing exercises and correction of body posture, which have been proposed as ways of preventing or treating prolapse and urinary incontinence. Others include Pilates and Tai Chi. But the trial data indicate limited or “questionable” effects for these techniques, and in the case of AHT, no evidence at all, including when added to pelvic floor muscle exercises, for which there is strong evidence of effectiveness.

Pelvic floor muscle exercises were first described in the late 1940s by Arnold Kegel.

“There is undoubtedly a worldwide huge interest of the public and the clinical community in AHT,” write Professor Kari Bø, of the Norwegian School of Sport Science, Oslo, Norway, and Sal Martín-Rodríguez, of the college of physical education, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain.

“However, to date, AHT lacks scientific evidence to support its benefits. At this stage, AHT is based on a theory with 20 years of clinical practice,” they continue.

And they conclude: “At present, there is no scientific evidence to recommend its use to patients. This particular treatment currently illustrates the phenomenon that not all recommended treatments are evidence based.”

Authors
Saúl Martín-Rodríguez, Kari Bø

BMJ material
British Journal of Sports Medicine discussion document


Receive Medical Brief's free weekly e-newsletter



Related Posts

Thank you for subscribing to MedicalBrief


MedicalBrief is Africa’s premier medical news and research weekly newsletter. MedicalBrief is published every Thursday and delivered free of charge by email to over 33 000 health professionals.

Please consider completing the form below. The information you supply is optional and will only be used to compile a demographic profile of our subscribers. Your personal details will never be shared with a third party.


Thank you for taking the time to complete the form.