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April 19th, 2017 Among people with coronary artery disease, fluctuation in body weight was associated with double the mortality and a double rate of cardiovascular events independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The risk of developing diabetes grows...

April 19th, 2017 The legal duty of doctors when they cover for each other has for the first time being dealt with in SA, after a Durban High Court judgment on medical negligence damages, the Cape Times reports. Life Healthcare, which had settled a cerebral palsy...

Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Trans fatty acid bans improving heart health

People living in areas that restrict trans fats in foods had fewer hospitalisations for heart attack and stroke compared to residents in areas without restrictions, according to a new study conducted by researchers at the University of Chicago... April 19th, 2017

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Exposure to common flame retardants may raise risk of PTC

Some flame retardants used in many home products appear to be associated with the most common type of thyroid cancer, papillary thyroid cancer (PTC), according to a Duke University study presented at The Endocrine Society's 99th annual meeting, ENDO... April 19th, 2017

Plastics substitute may increase breast cancer aggressiveness

Bisphenol S (BPS), a substitute for the chemical bisphenol A (BPA) in the plastic industry, shows the potential for increasing the aggressiveness of breast cancer through its behaviour as an endocrine-disrupting chemical, an Oakland University study... April 19th, 2017

GERONTOLOGY

Weak grip a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability

A simple test to determine a person's grip strength is a robust predictor of developing metabolic disorders in middle or older age, a cross-continental study has found. The test locations, demographics and methodology all were selected for a... April 19th, 2017

GYNAECOLOGY

New drug cuts number and severity of hot flushes

An experimental drug has been shown to dramatically cut the number of hot flushes in women with severe menopause symptoms, says a Pharmaceutical Journal report. In a phase II randomised trial of the neurokinin 3 receptor antagonist MLE4901 in 28... April 19th, 2017

HOSPITAL MEDICINE

Pre-surgery coaching cuts hospital stay, costs

A US study found that advance basic fitness and wellness coaching could reduce a surgical patient's average hospital stay two days, when compared to a control group, and cut medical costs by 30%. Just as an athlete might work to build up stamina... April 19th, 2017

ICU MEDICINE

Light adapted to time of day improves ICU patients' health

With light adapted to the time of day, health even improves for intensive care unit (ICU) patients who are barely conscious when they are admitted for care, found Swedish research. The light environment in intensive care affects how patients feel... April 19th, 2017

IMMUNOLOGY

Pet exposure may reduce allergies and obesity in children

Babies from families with pets – 70% of which were dogs – showed higher levels of two types of microbes associated with lower risks of allergic disease and obesity, found a University of Alberta study. But don't rush out to adopt a furry... April 19th, 2017

MEDICAL PRACTICE

Close to half GPs in UK plan to quit

About two in five GPs in the south-west of England are planning to quit, exposing a potential doctors’ crisis in the National Health Service (NHS), reports The Guardian. A survey of more than 2,000 GPs in the region revealed the impending... April 19th, 2017

ONCOLOGY

Vaccine and chemo combo increase glioblastoma patient survival

A phase one study of 11 patients with glioblastoma who received injections of an investigational vaccine therapy and an approved chemotherapy showed the combination to be well tolerated while also resulting in unexpectedly significant survival... April 19th, 2017

SLEEP MEDICINE

Deep sleep may act as fountain of youth in old age

A University of California research review argues that the unmet sleep needs of the elderly elevate their risk of memory loss and a wide range of mental and physical disorders, and that pharmaceutically induced sleep is a 'poor substitute' for the... April 19th, 2017

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