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March 22nd, 2017 Women who have taken the oral contraceptive pill are protected from some types of cancer for as long as 30 years after they stopped taking it, according to research from the University of Aberdeen. Those who have used the pill “during their...

Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Blood test for a protein can identify patients with heart damage

A blood test for a protein called high-sensitivity troponin T, which is released into the bloodstream when injury to the heart occurs, can identify patients with heart damage after non-cardiac surgery whose lives could potentially be saved with... March 22nd, 2017

Digoxin for atrial fibrillation increases mortality risk

Patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib) who are given digoxin to control their symptoms have an increased risk of death, whether or not they have a diagnosis of heart failure, compared with patients not taking the drug – and this risk increases... March 22nd, 2017

Online behavioural intervention helping hypertension control

Participants in an online behavioural intervention for high blood pressure had a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure compared with the online control intervention, 10 mm Hg versus 6 mm Hg, according to results from the REACH trial presented... March 22nd, 2017

CARDIOLOGY/NEUROLOGY

Brain microbleed common in older TAVR patients

Small leakages from blood vessels in the brain, known as microbleeds, increase with age and are associated with cognitive decline. Of 84 older patients undergoing trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), nearly a quarter developed new... March 22nd, 2017

CARDIOVASCULAR

Gene-silencing drug helps to halve cholesterol levels

The first in a new class of gene-silencing drugs, known as inclisiran, has halved cholesterol levels in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. The findings come from the largest trial yet to test the safety and effectiveness of this kind of... March 22nd, 2017

DERMATOLOGY

No benefit from using topical antibiotics for eczema

Findings from the CREAM study are that there is no meaningful benefit from the use of either oral or topical antibiotics for milder clinically infected eczema in children. Estimates suggest that 40% of eczema flares are treated with topical... March 22nd, 2017

HIV/AIDS

The history of first HIV/Aids drug

Today, if someone is diagnosed with HIV, he or she can choose among 41 drugs that can treat the disease. And there’s a good chance that with the right combination, given at the right time, the drugs can keep HIV levels so low that the person never... March 22nd, 2017

Estimates show mother-to-child HIV transmission dropping in US

Research has estimated that there were 69 perinatal human immunodeficiency virus or HIV infections among infants born in the US in 2013 (1.75 per 100,000 live births) – down from an estimated 216 perinatal HIV infections among infants born in 2002... March 22nd, 2017

NEUROLOGY

ORTHOPAEDIC

Surgical approaches to tennis elbow not always beneficial

Surgical approaches to treating tennis elbow may not offer additional benefit to patients, as discussed in research presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Specialty Day in San Diego. The study, a randomised,... March 22nd, 2017

PSYCHIATRY

Deep brain stimulation can provide relief from severe depression

Treatment with deep brain stimulation can provide lasting relief to patients suffering from previously non-treatable, severe forms of depression several years into the therapy – or even eliminate symptoms entirely, according to scientists at... March 22nd, 2017

PSYCHOLOGY

At last we know: The Mona Lisa IS happy!

In perhaps the world's most recognised painting, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, her supposedly ambiguous expression - is she happy or sad? - was long thought to be the main reason for its appeal. Now a German study has found that nearly 100% of test... March 22nd, 2017

Less rumination is positive in depression patients

Learning how to ruminate less on thoughts and feelings has a positive effect for individuals with depression, Norwegian research found. A thought is a thought. It does not reflect reality. Depressed individuals "don't need to worry and... March 22nd, 2017

REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE

Failed fertility therapy associated with later increased CVD risk

Women who undergo fertility therapy, but do not get pregnant, have a higher risk of developing long-term cardiovascular disease, compared with women who become pregnant, according to a large Canadian study. "We found that two-thirds of women... March 22nd, 2017

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