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April 26th, 2017 A University of Helsinki meta-analysis identifies two controlled trials found a statistically significant vitamin C dose–response for the duration of common cold symptoms. Five other trials found a treatment benefit of vitamin C for pneumonia...

Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Grey hair linked with increased heart disease risk in men

A high hair whitening score was associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease, independent of chronological age and established cardiovascular risk factors, found a University of Cairo study. "Ageing is an unavoidable coronary risk... April 26th, 2017

Greater atrial fibrillation risk for tall, large-boned women

Big women have a nearly threefold greater risk of atrial fibrillation than small women, according to research presented at EuroPrevent 2017. The study included 1.5m women who were followed-up for more than 30 years. Atrial fibrillation is the... April 26th, 2017

GERIATRICS

Common sedatives increase pneumonia risk in Alzheimer patients

Commonly used sedatives, benzodiazepines, are associated with an increased risk of pneumonia when used in people with Alzheimer disease, according to a Finnish study. "An increased risk of pneumonia is an important finding to consider in... April 26th, 2017

GERONTOLOGY

Regular exercise significantly boosts brain power in the over 50s

A combination of aerobic and resistance exercises can significantly boost the brain power of the over 50s, finds the most comprehensive review of the available evidence to date, by Australian researchers. The improvement occurs irrespective of the... April 26th, 2017

NEPHROLOGY

NUTRITION

Effects of avocados on metabolic syndrome

A systematic review assesses the beneficial effects of the peel, seed, flesh, and leaves of avocados on different components of metabolic syndrome, which is a clustering of risk factors including high blood sugar, cholesterol, blood pressure, and... April 26th, 2017

PAEDIATRICS

Serum test to identify abusive head trauma in infants

A serum-based test, which needs to be validated in a larger population and receive regulatory approval, has been developed that would be the first of its kind to be used to detect acute intracranial haemorrhage in infants. Researchers at... April 26th, 2017

PSYCHIATRY

Drug significantly reduces tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia

Valbenazine, administered once daily, can significantly reduce tardive dyskinesia in patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and mood disorder, found a University of South Florida study. Antipsychotic treatment can cause involuntary... April 26th, 2017

PSYCHOLOGY

Childhood adversities linked to increased adolescent suicide risk

Exposure to various common childhood adversities – such as parental psychiatric disorder, parental substance abuse or a death in the family – is associated with a substantially increased risk of suicide in adolescence and young adulthood, finds... April 26th, 2017

RESPIRATORY

Novel flu test to speed up respiratory treatment

Doctors and researchers at the University of Southampton have developed a novel way of using a swab test which can rapidly diagnose flu and other viral infections in patients with severe respiratory conditions – resulting in shorter courses of... April 26th, 2017

SPORT & EXERCISE MEDICINE

More beneficial to fast before a workout

In a first of its kind study, University of Bath researchers concluded that exercise in a fasted state might provoke more favourable changes in adipose tissue than when eating before exercise. The researchers studied a group of overweight males.... April 26th, 2017

Interval training rapidly improves diabetics' glucose metabolism

High-intensity interval training (HIIT) increases glucose metabolism in muscles as well as insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetes, with glucose uptake in thigh muscles returned to a normal level already after a two-week training period. The... April 26th, 2017

Substantial health benefits from active commuting

Active commuting by bicycle is associated with a substantial decrease in the risk of death from all causes, cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD), compared with non-active commuting by car or public transport, finds a University of Glasgow... April 26th, 2017

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