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Weekly Roundup

DIETETICS

Balloon that can be swallowed helps obese lose weight

A swallowable intragastric balloon which is filled with water while in the stomach, can help obese people to lose large amounts of weight without invasive surgery, found a small study presented at the European Congress on... May 24th, 2017

HIV/AIDS

Routine male pot smokers with HIV have higher CVD risk

Middle-aged men living with HIV who smoke pot routinely have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease compared with their peers, says a report on the Poz site. This association is independent of tobacco smoking. Living with HIV is associated... May 24th, 2017

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Study suggests sepsis guidelines save lives

For every hour that clinicians failed to complete the anti-sepsis protocols, known as the 'three-hour bundle'  mortality rates climb by between 3% and 4%, found a large US study involving more than 49,000 patients at 149 hospitals. Even in the... May 24th, 2017

Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child transmission of HBV

Administering tenofovir to pregnant women with a hepatitis B virus (HBV) high viral load during the 2nd or 3rd trimester reduced rates of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), according to a study by researchers at Korea University Medical Centre,... May 24th, 2017

MEDICAL PRACTICE

Higher mortality rates with older/busier physicians

Within the same hospital, patients treated by older physicians had higher mortality than patients cared for by younger physicians, except those physicians treating high volumes of patients, finds a large Harvard exploratory analysis. If the... May 24th, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Biomarkers may predict cognitive decline in Parkinson's

Biomarkers may help predict which Parkinson’s disease patients will suffer significant cognitive deficits within the first three years of their diagnosis, according to a study by Daniel Weintraub from the Perelman School of Medicine at the... May 24th, 2017

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH

Low rates of infection for workers exposed to HCV and HIV

Occupational exposure to hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HIV on the part of health care workers rarely leads to infection. Poz reports that researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Centre examined their own medical database covering 2002 to... May 24th, 2017

ORTHOPAEDIC

TKA and THA are cost-effective interventions

A systematic review finds that total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) are cost-effective interventions, especially when not delayed, compared with non-operative strategies for the management of knee and hip osteoarthritis... May 24th, 2017

PHARMOCOLOGY

Hydromorphone effectively treats opioid addiction

Hydromorphone was as effective as pharmaceutical heroin for opioid addiction treatment, but it was associated with fewer serious side-effects, according to results from the SALOME trial presented at the 25th International Harm Reduction Conference... May 24th, 2017

PUBLIC HEALTH

Telemedicine offers alternative to unsafe abortion methods

Early medical abortion using online telemedicine can offer an alternative to unsafe methods to end a pregnancy for women in countries where access to safe abortion is restricted, finds a study based on reports from women living in the Republic of... May 24th, 2017

SLEEP MEDICINE

Air pollution might be linked to poor sleep

Air pollution might be linked to poor sleep, with those who were exposed to the highest levels of air pollution over five years more likely to be in the bottom group for sleep efficiency, according to a study presented at the American Thoracic... May 24th, 2017

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