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Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

CT angiography better predicts risk of cardiac events

Results from the PROMISE trial showed that the presence and extent of coronary artery disease detected by CT angiography better predicted the risk of future cardiac events than did measures of exercise tolerance or restricted blood flow to the... June 21st, 2017

DIETETICS

Flu vaccination less effective in obese adults

A US study found that obese people – despite getting their flu vaccinations – were still twice as likely to develop influenza or flu-like illnesses than others of healthy weight. Although influenza vaccines are currently the best forms of... June 21st, 2017

EPIDEMIOLOGY

Obesity and being overweight increases major birth defect risk

Risks of major birth defects (congenital malformations) during the first year of life progressively increase with a mother’s overweight and obesity severity, a Swedish study has found. These results suggest that efforts should be made to encourage... June 21st, 2017

GASTROENTEROLOGY

Low adherence by physicians to H. pylori treatment guidelines

Researchers have found low adherence among US physicians to a number of American College of Gastroenterology guidelines for caring for and managing patients with Heliobacter pylori infections. H. pylori is responsible for numerous gastric... June 21st, 2017

GERONTOLOGY

Walkies! The influence of dogs on the sedentary elderly

Elderly people with dogs appear to meet internationally recognised exercise goals simply by walking their pet, suggests a small UK study. Researchers matched 43 older adults with dogs to another 43 without dogs and measured their time spent... June 21st, 2017

HIV/AIDS

HIV drug resistance testing not a priority for low-income settings

Resistance testing is unlikely to improve the effectiveness of second-line HIV treatment in resource-limited settings and the introduction of routine HIV drug resistance testing is not a high priority, investigators in a large international study... June 21st, 2017

Former Aids council head criticises government HIV and TB plan

There are many “missed opportunities” in the National Strategic Plan (NSP) for HIV and tuberculosis, said Fareed Abdullah, head of Aids and TB research at the Medical Research Council, at the closing of the South African Aids Conference,... June 21st, 2017

Fear prompts women to drop out of HIV treatment programmes

A US study investigated why HIV-positive pregnant women in Malawi and Uganda might drop out of a treatment programme that would protect their infants and possibly save their lives. For many, the answer was fear. Fear of HIV disclosure, fear of... June 21st, 2017

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Determining M. tuberculosis components to be included in vaccines

Researchers in South Africa and the US have published a paper on a study that provides important insights for determining which components of Mycobacterium tuberculosis should be included in TB vaccines as targets for the immune response. The... June 21st, 2017

Low vitamin A levels increase risk of contracting TB

People with low levels of vitamin A living with individuals sick with tuberculosis may be 10 times more likely to develop the disease than people with high levels of the nutrient, according to research led by investigators at Harvard Medical... June 21st, 2017

INTERNAL MEDICINE

No real benefit from home glucose testing in type 2 diabetes

In a landmark study, researchers in the School of Medicine at the University of North Carolina (UNC) have shown that blood glucose testing does not offer a significant advantage in blood sugar control or quality of life for type 2 diabetes... June 21st, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Acute exercise improves mood and focus, reduces stress

Physical activity is known to be good for health, but can as little as a single exercise session have positive effects on the brain? Medical News reports on US research showing that acute exercise improves mood and focus and reduces stress. The... June 21st, 2017

NEUROSCIENCE

Long-term aspirin use linked to bleeding risk in over 75s

In people aged 75 or over, long-term daily aspirin use is linked to a higher than expected risk of disabling or fatal bleeding, according to an Oxford University-led study published in The Lancet. While short-term aspirin use after a stroke or... June 21st, 2017

ONCOLOGY

Blood test could transform advanced prostate cancer treatment

Scientists in the UK have developed a three-in-one blood test that could transform treatment of advanced prostate cancer through use of precision drugs designed to target mutations in the BRCA genes. By testing cancer DNA in the bloodstream,... June 21st, 2017

PSYCHOLOGY

The role of illness in elevating the risk of suicide

US research found that 17 physical health conditions were associated with an increased risk of suicide. Two conditions – sleep disorders and HIV/Aids – represented a greater than twofold increase. Traumatic brain injury made individuals nine... June 21st, 2017

PUBLIC HEALTH

Major flaws found in fast-tracking of some drugs in the US

A study has exposed major flaws in the fast-tracking of some drugs available to the US public without any stringent clinical evidence of their benefits. Researchers from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and the US say... June 21st, 2017

E-cigarettes less addictive than traditional cigarettes

Consistent with previous research, people who regularly use electronic cigarettes are found to be less dependent on their product than those who regularly use traditional cigarettes, according to a Penn State study. While cigarette use has... June 21st, 2017

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