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Scaling up COVID-19 vaccination in Africa: lessons from the HIV pandemic

Concerns regarding access to COVID-19 vaccines in Africa are reminiscent of concerns raised about responding to the HIV pandemic in the mid-1990s and early...

REACH study: Adolescent girls and young women in Africa will use HIV prevention products

HIV prevention products can and will be used consistently by adolescent girls and young women, according to an interim study from the ongoing REACH...

Lusaka morgue analysis shows huge spike in COVID-19 deaths

A likely reason for Africa’s low incidence of COVID-19 is lack of testing and surveillance. Research at the Zambia University Teaching Hospital morgue found...

Africa’s first COVID-19 vaccine technology transfer hub

The World Health Organization and its COVAX partners are working with a South African consortium to establish the continent’s first COVID-19 mRNA vaccine technology...

Eastern Cape school study shows concerning HPV prevalence

More than three-quarters of teenage girls in two Eastern Cape schools were found to have the human papillomavirus (HPV), a study by the National...

East African medical graduates ‘lack antibiotics knowledge’ — Research report

Most medical graduates from various universities in East Africa were found to have very little practical knowledge on the use of antibiotics in clinical...

Alternative corticosteroid regimes in treatment of COVID-19

Researchers at the Stellenbosch University and Tygerberg Academic Hospital write: SARS-CoV-2 is the third known coronavirus within the past 18 years to cause severe...

SA case study sheds light on how to develop pharma manufacturing

There is ample evidence that governments can be effective economic actors to create capacity and markets through public investment and public procurement in the...

Ethical challenges in the first phase of SA's COVID-19 vaccine rollout

Researchers at the University of Stellenbosch, University of Cape Town, Groote Schuur Hospital, Western Cape Health Department, Swartland Hospital in Malmesbury, and Tygerberg Hospital...

Critics say SA alcohol ban study 'lacks methodological detail'

Is the acknowledged decline in hospital trauma admissions during the various lockdowns a result of the ban on alcohol, restrictions on people’s movement or...

SA's first national TB prevalence survey: A bleaker picture than expected

South Africa has a far higher number of people with tuberculosis (TB) than previously thought and many of them have not been diagnosed or...

Involving Uganda's traditional healers improved HIV testing and care

Traditional healers trained to administer HIV testing and counselling to their patients significantly increased the proportion of patients receiving testing and linkage to care...

Tanzanian study finds less inflammation with a traditional diet

Increased activity of the immune system of urban Tanzanians— which may increase the risk of lifestyle diseases — may be due to dietary differences...

Dominant SA variant escapes antibodies — AHRI and UKZN study

The dominant new variant of the COVID-19 virus in South Africa, 501Y.V2, can escape antibodies generated from previous infection. This means that antibodies from...

Targeted anti-malarial spraying as safe and more cost effective

Targeted Indoor Residual Spraying (IRS) intervention against malaria is not inferior to the “blanket” approach, as well as being more cost effective, found a...

Collaboration pushes frontiers of anti-malaria drug regimes

Until malaria is eradicated, drugs are critical to its management. New challenges to the effectiveness of treatments – including drug resistance – have emerged...

A decade of HIV treatment has failed most high-risk young women

A review of HIV incidence among young people in east and southern Africa since antiretroviral treatment (ART) roll-out reveals failures to reach the highest-risk...

Young people receiving HIV treatment in SA increase 10-fold

Results of a study of more than 700,000 one to 19-year olds being treated for HIV infection suggests a ten-fold increase in the number...

Beverage producers' evidence against SA sugar tax was ‘out of context’ and ‘unscrupulous’ — study

Sugar-sweetened beverage producers submitted evidence that was out of context and exaggerated, in their appeal against South Africa’s proposed new sugar levy, Health-e News...

SSA 'test and treat' programmes stumble

Programmes to scale-up HIV testing and treatment in countries in sub-Saharan Africa may have had less impact on new HIV infections than hoped, partly...

Registrar burnout at Wits far exceeds international norms

More than that 80% registrars at the University of the Witwatersrand's School of Clinical Medicine suffer from burnout, a response to prolonged stress,...

SA study links low language ability and poor mental health

A study focusing on language acquisition in Khayelitsha near Cape Town has found that adolescents with low language ability have higher levels of depressive symptoms....

TB clusters show where HIV treatment is missing in South Africa

Clusters of new cases of tuberculosis (TB) provide strong evidence of areas that need to be prioritised for improved antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage, and...

AI application to predict and diagnose life-threatening diseases

A team of scientists from the University of Johannesburg (UJ), collaborating across theoretical and experimental physics and computer science, have developed and trained a...

Study in KZN community gives policy pointers for fight against TB

A study from the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), the KwaZulu-Natal Research Innovation & Sequencing Platform (KRISP) and the Africa Health Research Institute (AHRI) provides evidence...

Hepatitis E in pig-derived food products in Cape Town

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can be found in pork-containing meat products available for sale in Cape Town, found a study in the SA Medical...

Point-of-care technology for early infant HIV diagnosis

Point-of-care testing for early infant HIV diagnosis is highly effective in reducing turnaround time for HIV test results, enabling earlier antiretroviral treatment initiation in...

Age and education effects on cognitive functioning in Coloured women

THIS STUDY HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN BY THE AUTHORS AND THE PUBLISHER, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition. CLICK HERE FOR AN OUTLINE OF THE CONTROVERSY. The original article...

Do we need youth-friendly TB clinics?

Tuberculosis treatment programmes in Cape Town, South Africa, do not currently distinguish between adolescent and adult TB patients, and in so doing, may miss...

Ground-breaking research facility samples TB from breathed air

Part of the research at the University of Cape Town's new new Aerobiology TB Research Facility involves measuring the amount of air individuals exchange, which may range...

Lactose-free/reduced-carb formula does not help severely malnourished children

Treating hospitalised, severely malnourished children with a lactose-free, reduced-carbohydrate milk formula does not improve clinical outcomes, according to a multi-centre, double-blind trial in Kenya...

Combining HIV and schistosomiasis programmes

Testing and treatment programmes for HIV and schistosomiasis (also known as snail fever or bilharzia) could be profitably combined in settings with a high...

85% of Cameroonian respondents eat bush meat

A French study found that some 85% of questionnaire respondents in Cameroon had eaten primate meat, with the exposure risk to zoonotic disease in...

Novel SA technique in hydrocephalus assessment

A novel SA technique not only improves the accuracy of ultrasound in assessing hydrocephalus, by analysing the dynamic properties of the back of the...

A silent crisis: Hearing outcomes in children with meningitis

Less than a quarter of children diagnosed with bacterial meningitis at the Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital over an 18-month period were referred...

High cancer risk in Gauteng from OCP residues in fish

Organochlorine pesticides (OCP) residues in catfish along the Klip River in Gauteng pose an extremely high risk to human health when consumed, with a...

Researchers give official Life Esidimeni death toll

A study has determined the official death toll of the Life Esidimeni scandal is 131. The mortality rate among 1,442 mentally ill patients transferred...

Candidate vaccine significantly reduces pulmonary TB in trial

A candidate tuberculosis vaccine significantly reduced the incidence of pulmonary tuberculosis in HIV-negative adults who were already infected with latent TB at the time...

New drug a breakthrough in treatment of haemophilia

The HAVEN 3 study, led by a University of the Witwatersrand researcher, found that emicizumab prophylaxis (trade name: Hemlibra) administered subcutaneously once weekly or...

Higher levels of natural killer cells associated with latent TB

Higher levels of natural killer cells in blood are associated with tuberculosis (TB) latency, reports a University of Cape Town study in collaboration with...