Saturday, 22 January, 2022
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Editor's Pick

AHA names 2021’s top heart disease and stroke research advances

A major funder of heart- and stroke-related research, the American Heart Association (AHA) compiles an annual recap of noteworthy scientific studies. Here is an...

Severe outcomes in vaccinated cancer patients with breakthrough COVID

The first study to evaluate the clinical characteristics and outcomes of fully vaccinated patients with cancer who had breakthrough COVID-19 infections indicates they remained...

A 60 second delay in cord-clamping cuts relative mortality by 30%

Clamping the umbilical cord at least 60 seconds after birth reduced the risk of death or major disability at 2 years by 17%, reflecting...

High resting heart rate linked to increased dementia risk and faster cognitive decline

Higher resting heart rate (RHR) was linked to significantly greater dementia risk and faster cognitive decline independent of cardiovascular disease in a study of...

Self-administered test predicts early signs of Alzheimer's and dementia sooner

A simple, self-administered test developed by researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, College of Medicine and College of Public Health can...

Acceleration of biological ageing by stress can by modulated by developing psychological resilience

Measuring biological age by tracking DNA changes through an epigenetic clock, a Yale study stress does indeed make life’s clock tick faster, but people...

Higher yoghurt intake associated with lower BP in hypertensives — Longitudinal Study

Yoghurt intake is associated with lower blood pressure for those with hypertension, according to research from the universities of South Australia and Maine. Globally, more...

Emotional upset and heavy physical exertion as stroke triggers — Interstroke study

The study found that one in 11 survivors experienced a period of anger or upset in the hour leading up to it. It also...

Viagra as a candidate drug for Alzheimerʼs disease — US prescription analysis

The erectile dysfunction drug Viagra may be linked to a 69% lower risk of Alzheimerʼs disease, found a US analysis of medical insurance data...

San Diego Wisdom Scale successfully abbreviated to just 7 questions

An abbreviated, seven-item scale can help determine, with high validity, a person’s level of wisdom, a potentially modifiable personality trait that has been shown...

Aspirin link to 26% higher heart failure risk in some — HOMAGE study

Aspirin use is associated with a 26% raised risk of heart failure in people with at least one predisposing factor for the condition. That's...

Daily multivitamins linked to slower cognitive ageing — COSMOS-Mind study

A multivitamin taken daily for three years has been linked to a 60% slowing of cognitive ageing, with the effects especially pronounced in patients...

Declining eyesight boosted by morning exposure to deep red light – UCL study

A single three-minute exposure to long wave deep red light in the morning may significantly improve declining eyesight, finds a pioneering University College London...

Britain: NICE guidelines recommend two-monthly antiretroviral injections

Draft guidance from the UK’S National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) recommends offering the antiretroviral drugs cabotegravir and rilpivirine in England and...

Aspirin possibly has ‘modest effect’ in dementia prevention and cognitive impairment

Daily aspirin failed to turn up a significant impact on dementia and cognitive function in an analysis of the ASCEND trial, but the analysis...

When older couples are spatially close their heart rates synchronise

When older couples are in close proximity, their heart rates synchronise in complex patterns of interaction, found a study from the University of Illinois that examines...

Coronary plaque found in more than half of HIV cases – COCOMO study

More than half of people living with HIV and suppressed viral loads nonetheless had imaging-confirmed coronary artery disease. But despite long-time use of HIV...

Association between eating alone and cardiovascular diseases in elderly women

Eating alone may contribute to an increased risk of heart disease in older women and is strongly correlated with the prevalence of angina, found...

Largest study finds psychedelic ‘highly efficacious’ in serious depression — COMPASS 2b trial

The psychedelic drug psilocybin, the compound found in magic mushrooms, is highly efficacious as therapy for treatment resistant depression, found the largest yet randomised,...

Zinc supplements may prevent respiratory tract infections and shorten duration — Trials meta-analysis

A zinc supplement might help stave off the symptoms of respiratory tract infections (RTI), such as coughing, congestion, and sore throat, and cut illness...

HPV vaccine cuts cervical cancer by nearly 90% — UK population registry study

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is cutting cervical cancer incidence by nearly 90%, the first real-world data from the UK, published in The Lancet,...

Long-term suppression of HIV while pausing medication — NIH study

Two people with HIV, who were able to stop taking medication for several years without becoming ill from the virus, offer clues for future...

Under-35s have greater risk of breast cancer spreading — Meta-analysis

Women under 35 diagnosed with breast cancer face a higher risk of it spreading, according to the first global study of its kind, presented...

Achieving type 2 diabetes remission outside of trials and without bariatric surgery

One in every 20 people in Scotland diagnosed with type 2 diabetes achieves remission from the disease, suggesting people are achieving remission outside research...

ACC: Smoking associated with lower rates of blood pressure control

It is important for physicians to have greater understanding of blood pressure control in smokers, which is low even among smokers on medication, according...

Low glycaemic diet inhibits tumour growth in animal study

Calorie restriction, but not a ketogenic diet, inhibits the growth of tumours in a mouse model of pancreatic cancer, found a study in Nature. Although...

Women who breastfeed exhibit cognitive benefits after age 50

Women over 50-years of age who had breastfed their babies performed better on cognitive tests compared with women who had never breastfed, found a...

Exposure to operating room inhalants increases COPD risk among nurses

Long exposure to operating room (OR) disinfectants and surgical smoke may significantly increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to...

‘Broken heart’ syndrome becoming more common, especially in middle-aged women

Significantly more middle-aged and older women are being diagnosed with “broken heart” syndrome (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy) - a condition often triggered by stress or loss,...

Opzelura: FDA approves first topical JAK inhibitor for atopic dermatitis

The US Food and Drug Administration has granted a first-ever approval of a topical Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor for atopic dermatitis. Ruxolitinib (Opzelura) cream, manufactured by...

NHS England to offer breakthrough treatment for sickle cell disease

Thousands of patients in England will benefit from the first treatment for sickle cell disease in two decades, the NHS has announced. Crizanlizumab, a “revolutionary”...

Dental meta-analysis: The best, worst and unproven oral hygiene tools

Beyond brushing with a basic toothbrush, only a handful of self-administered interventions provide additional protection against gingivitis and periodontitis, found a research review into...

World first as GSK’s malaria vaccine is endorsed by WHO

GlaxoSmithKline's anti-malaria RTS,S vaccine, known as Mosquirix, has been given the green light from the World Health Organisation for widespread use. It is not...

Higher intake of dairy fat associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease

Higher intakes of dairy fat - measured by levels of fatty acids in the blood - were associated with decreased risk of cardiovascular disease...

HRT not linked to increased risk of dementia — Largest study yet

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is not linked to an increased risk of developing dementia, according to the largest study of its kind, in the British...

Meta-analysis on strength training challenges assumptions on body fat loss

Contrary to popular belief, resistance training reduces body fat percentage, body fat mass and visceral fat in healthy adults to a similar percentage as...

Single brain scan predicts tipping point for symptom onset in Alzheimer’s

The age of symptom onset in sporadic Alzheimer’s is strongly correlated with the age that an individual reaches a tipping point in amyloid accumulation...

Troubled sleep link to increased risk of AD and bradyarrhythmia — UK Biobank data

A healthy sleep pattern is associated with lower risks of atrial fibrillation (AF) and bradyarrhythmia, independent of traditional risk factors — although genetic risk...

Increased colon cancer risk extends to second- and third-degree relatives

Having second- or third-degree relatives with colorectal cancer significantly increases the risk of developing the disease, found a study in Cancer Epidemiology. Early screening...

Platelet-rich plasma treatment shows efficacy in osteoarthritic patients

A pilot study conducted by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine showed that a single injection of platelet-rich-plasma (PRP) in the knee joint significantly...