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Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Contracting shingles doubles stroke and heart attack risk

Contracting shingles, a reactivation of the chickenpox virus, increases a person's risk of stroke and heart attack, according to a research letter. According to the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, almost 1 out of every 3 people in... July 19th, 2017

CARDIOVASCULAR

New early warning test for coronary artery disease

Researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a new type of imaging test to provide an early warning of coronary artery disease, and the risk of heart attacks. The new imaging technique can be applied as a new feature in routine... July 19th, 2017

ENDOCRINOLOGY

Obstructive sleep apnoea plus diabetes increases risk of blindness

Research led by the University of Birmingham has discovered that patients who suffer from both type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnoea are at greater risk of developing a condition that leads to blindness within an average period of less than... July 19th, 2017

GASTROENTEROLOGY

HAEMATOLOGY

Novel therapy acts as an antidote to blood thinner

A phase III clinical study demonstrates the safety and efficacy of idarucizumab, a novel therapy that acts as an antidote to the blood thinner dabigatran. At least 28m prescriptions for blood thinners are filled by pharmacists yearly for the... July 19th, 2017

HIV/AIDS

Most people on ART will not experience viral rebound

British investigators have determined that a substantial proportion of people with HIV who are taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) will not experience viral rebound during their lifetime. Using data from the UK CHIC (UK Collaborative HIV Cohort)... July 19th, 2017

People with HIV must use PPIs cautiously

Proton pump inhibitors should be used with caution in people with HIV, researchers from the Baylor College of Medicine and the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston say, after finding that people who received long-term treatment for... July 19th, 2017

HOSPITAL MEDICINE

Infection spreads despite practising perfect hand hygiene

Even if hospital workers practise theoretically perfect hand hygiene, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) can still spread among babies in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The research was led by a Drexel University... July 19th, 2017

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Most difficult C. difficile cases becoming more common

A US study has found evidence that the most difficult C. difficile intestinal infection cases, known as multiple recurring C. difficile infections (mrCDI), are rapidly becoming more common. Intestinal infection with the bacterium Clostridium... July 19th, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Sleep problems may be an early sign of Alzheimer's

Poor sleep may be a sign that people who are otherwise healthy may be more at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease later in life than people who do not have sleep problems, according to a study. Researchers have found a link between sleep... July 19th, 2017

PAEDIATRICS

High levels of serotonin found in infants who died of SIDS

Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and between nerves, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes of Health. The... July 19th, 2017

PHARMACOLOGY

OTC medication could benefit multiple sclerosis patients

Treatment options currently are limited for people suffering from secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. However, an Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) pilot study suggests over-the-counter antioxidant lipoic acid holds promise for... July 19th, 2017

SPORT & EXERCISE MEDICINE

Soccer beats swimming and cycling for bone development in boys

Playing soccer can significantly improve bone development in adolescent boys after one-year's training, compared to swimming, cycling and non-sport playing, University of Exeter research shows. Adolescence is the key period for bone development,... July 19th, 2017

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