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FOCUS: THIS WEEK'S TOP STORIES

Weekly Roundup

ADDICTION

Effectiveness of cannabis for relieving distress symptoms

Cannabis use may strengthen, rather than weaken, the relationships between pain and depression and pain and anxiety, according to a US observational study. Many patients who are being treated for opioid addiction in a medication-assisted... December 13th, 2017

CARDIOLOGY

PMI strongly associated with death soon after surgery

Surgery that doesn't involve the heart may cause perioperative myocardial injury (PMI) in people with known or at high risk of developing heart disease and and is strongly associated with death within 30 days afterwards, according to Swiss... December 13th, 2017

DERMATOLOGY

HIV/AIDS

MICROBIOLOGY

Cryptococcal fungi in public spaces in SA

Large populations of potentially deadly cryptococcal fungi have been found on woody debris collected from old trees in two public areas in the centre of Cape Town and the Northern Cape. After tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis is the leading... December 13th, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Marriage may stave off dementia

Marriage may lower the risk of developing dementia, concludes a synthesis of the available evidence. Lifelong singletons and widowers are at heightened risk of developing the disease, the findings indicate, although single status may no longer be... December 13th, 2017

Links between BMI and dementia risk unravelled

People who have a high body mass index (BMI) are more likely to develop dementia than those with a normal weight, according to a University College London (UCL)-led study. The study analysed data from 1.3m adults living in the US and Europe. The... December 13th, 2017

Drug treatments cut migraine symptom duration

A King’s College London study shows treatment with the drug erenumab cut the number of days with migraine symptoms for 50% of patients. Across the UK, an estimated 8.5m people live with migraine and research suggests the condition is likely to... December 13th, 2017

NUTRITION

Neonatal vitamin D status associated with ASD risk

Low vitamin D levels at birth were associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) at the age of 3 years a Chinese study has found. In the study of 27,940 new-borns in China, 310 were diagnosed with ASDs at 3 years of age, with... December 13th, 2017

ONCOLOGY

Lobectomy best prolongs lives of early stage lung cancer patients

Patients with early stage lung cancer live longer when they receive a lobectomy – the most common type of operation for the disease – rather than a less extensive operation or radiation treatment, according to a University of California... December 13th, 2017

SLEEP MEDICINE

Cannabis-like drug effective in treating sleep apnoea

A synthetic cannabis-like drug in a pill was safe and effective in treating obstructive sleep apnoea in the first large multi-site study of a drug for apnoea funded by the National Institutes of Health. The study was conducted at Northwestern... December 13th, 2017

SPORT & EXERCISE MEDICINE

Women have faster oxygen uptake than men

Women can process oxygen 'remarkably faster' than men when they start to exercise, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. Quick oxygen uptake places less strain on the body's cells and is considered an important measure of aerobic... December 13th, 2017
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