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FOCUS: THIS WEEK'S TOP STORIES

November 22nd, 2017 Although some 19.5m HIV-infected people are receiving antiretroviral treatment, a substantial treatment gap leaves many millions of people at risk of Aids-related diseases and, if unaware of their status, likely to infect others. A PLOS Medicine...

November 22nd, 2017 A team of Swedish scientists has used national registries of more than 3.4m Swedes aged 40 to 80 to study the association between dog ownership and cardiovascular health. Their study shows that dog owners had an up to 33% lower risk of death due to...

Weekly Roundup

Prince Harry fights HIV stigma

There are plenty of things Prince Harry has done to honour his late mother, Princess Diana, but his... November 22nd, 2017

CARDIOLOGY

Cardio-respiratory fitness and CVD mortality risk

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death for men in the US. Both cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) and the blood triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein ratio (TG:HDL ratio) are strong predictors of death from CHD. Two studies highlight... November 22nd, 2017

Shunt successfully treats diastolic heart failure

Results presented at the American Heart Association Scientific Sessions show that a new device designed to treat diastolic heart failure is safe and effective. The first patient in the randomised, blinded study was enrolled at The Ohio State... November 22nd, 2017

'Broken heart syndrome' can cause long-term heart damage

A University of Aberdeen study has found that the effects of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy – or “broken heart syndrome - can be permanent, contrary to previous research had suggested that the heart damage caused was temporary. Severe emotional... November 22nd, 2017

DERMATOLOGY

No added benefit from bleach baths for eczema

For patients suffering from eczema (atopic dermatitis), dermatologists will sometimes recommend bleach baths to decrease bacterial infection and reduce symptoms. But a new Northwestern Medicine study found no difference in the effectiveness of a... November 22nd, 2017

GYNAECOLOGY

HPV vaccine lowers the need for cervical screens

Women may only need three cervical screens in their lifetime if they have been given the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, a UK study has found. The Cancer Research UK-funded team from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), found that three... November 22nd, 2017

HIV/AIDS

No transmissions from breastfeeding in Tanzania cohort

No HIV exposed infants who were negative at birth, whose mothers started antiretroviral therapy (ART) before delivery, had suppressed viral loads and exclusively breastfed, were HIV positive after breastfeeding, in a rural African cohort. These... November 22nd, 2017

HIV/AIDS CONT...

Cognitive changes may occur early in patients on cART

Adults with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and good viral suppression on combination antiretroviral therapy had poorer cognition and reduced brain thickness and volume on magnetic resonance imaging than adults without HIV, but changes over time... November 22nd, 2017

Viral loads' study reveals new cohort at risk of therapy failure

In a large South African cohort study, a team of researchers from the University of the Witwatersrand (Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa) collaborating with the Ndlovu Research Consortium (Groblersdal, Limpopo), the National Health Laboratory... November 22nd, 2017

Dual-HIV-regimen found to be a simple, safe salvage therapy

The dual combination of dolutegravir (DTG) plus darunavir/ritonavir (DRV/r) provided a simple and safe salvage therapy to suppress viral replication without metabolic impact in patients infected with HIV-1, according to a retrospective-prospective... November 22nd, 2017

Long-term data do not support raltegravir as second-line therapy

A second-line HIV regimen containing the integrase inhibitor raltegravir failed to meet its primary endpoint of non-inferiority against standard second-line treatment with nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors, or NRTIs, according to 144-week... November 22nd, 2017

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

NSAIDs inferior to antibiotics in treating UTIs

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were found to be inferior to antibiotics for symptom relief of uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI), according to findings from a Swiss study. In this study, the researchers led by Andreas... November 22nd, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Virtual reality as effective as stroke therapy

Using virtual reality therapy to improve arm and hand movement after a stroke is as effective as regular therapy, according to a Danish study. "Virtual reality training may be a motivating alternative for people to use as a supplement to their... November 22nd, 2017

PHARMACOLOGY

PSYCHOLOGY

The cognitive origins of religious belief

Previous studies have suggested people who hold strong religious beliefs are more intuitive and less analytical, and when they think more analytically their religious beliefs decrease, but new research from the universities of Oxford and Coventry... November 22nd, 2017

PUBLIC HEALTH

Public doesn't understand link between weight and cancer

A study has shown that the majority of people in the UK do not understand the connection between weight issues and cancer. Obesity is associated with thirteen types of cancer, including those of the breast, kidney, bowel, and womb. However, after... November 22nd, 2017
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