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July 26th, 2017 Artificial sweeteners may be linked to risk of weight gain and a greater risk of obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease, found a Canadian systematic review. Intake of artificial sweeteners is not consistently linked to a...

Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Negative media coverage stopping people taking statins

Negative media coverage of the side effects associated with taking statins, and patients' own experiences of taking the drugs, are among the reasons cited by stroke survivors and their carers for stopping taking potentially life-saving drugs,... July 26th, 2017

Heart failure is associated with loss of important gut bacteria

In the gut of patients with heart failure, important groups of bacteria are found less frequently and the gut flora is not as diverse as in healthy individuals. Data obtained by scientists of the German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK)... July 26th, 2017

Working long hours increases atrial fibrillation risk

People who work long hours have an increased risk of developing an irregular heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation, according to a study of nearly 85,500 men and women. The study showed that, compared to people who worked a normal week of... July 26th, 2017

DIETETICS

Timing and frequency of meals play a role in weight loss or gain

The timing and frequency of meals play a role in predicting weight loss or gain, found a study drawing on more than 50,000 participants in the Adventist Health Study-2. A study by researchers from Loma Linda University School of Public Health... July 26th, 2017

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Everyday chemicals linked to chronic disease in men

Chemicals found in everyday plastics materials are linked to cardiovascular disease, type-2 diabetes and high blood pressure in men, according to Australian researchers. Researchers from the University of Adelaide and the South Australian Health... July 26th, 2017

HIV/AIDS

Low-cost drugs package saves lives of people starting Tx late

Treating people who start HIV treatment late with a package of low-cost drugs to prevent serious infections saves three lives for every 100 people treated, according to the findings of a trial led by the Medical Research Council (MRC) Clinical... July 26th, 2017

IAS CONFERENCE, PARIS

SA child has suppressed HIV without ARVs for eight years

A nine-year-old South African child who was diagnosed with HIV infection at one month of age and received anti-HIV treatment during infancy has suppressed the virus without anti-HIV drugs for eight and a half years, scientists reported today at the... July 26th, 2017

Swaziland halves rate of new infections in five years

Swaziland, which bears the world’s heaviest HIV burden, has halved the rate of new infections in five years by boosting access to virus-suppressing drugs, researchers are quoted in a report in The Citizen as saying. The country where about one... July 26th, 2017

HIV prevention methods found to be safe for teens

A monthly vaginal ring and a daily oral tablet, both containing anti-HIV drugs, were safe and acceptable in studies of adolescents, two teams of investigators reported today at the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science in Paris. The experimental ring... July 26th, 2017

IAS CONFERENCE, PARIS

Experimental tx holds back man's infection

An experimental therapy has held back one man's HIV infection for 10 months, doctors have reported. BBC News reports that he was one of 18 people in a small trial testing injections of "broadly neutralising antibodies" – the natural weapons of the... July 26th, 2017

Innovative efforts to increase access to HIV info highlighted

The 9th International AIDS Society (IAS) Conference on HIV Science (IAS 2017) is highlighting innovative efforts to increase access to quality HIV information and services for communities heavily impacted by HIV, but often overlooked by government... July 26th, 2017

IMMUNOLOGY

Lifesaving epinephrine mostly not administered timeously

An American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology study showed that even kids who were prescribed an epinephrine auto injector mostly didn't receive the life-saving medication when they needed it. The study examined 408 patient records for... July 26th, 2017

NEUROLOGY

Blood test has potential to detect Alzheimer's

Measures of amyloid beta in the blood have the potential to help identify people with altered levels of amyloid in their brains or cerebro-spinal fluid, found a Washington University study. Decades before people with Alzheimer's disease develop... July 26th, 2017

NEUROSCIENCE

Being even just a little generous makes people happier

Being even a little generous or merely promising to be so, triggers a change in the brain that makes people happier, found a University of Zurich study, using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Generosity makes people happier, even if they... July 26th, 2017

NUTRITION

Improving diet over time reduces premature death risk

Improving the quality of one’s diets over time, eating more whole grains, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and fish and less red and processed meats and sugary beverages, significantly reduces the risk of premature death, according to a study from... July 26th, 2017

ONCOLOGY

OPTHALMOLOGY

Laser surgery in treating eye floaters

Patients reported improvement in symptoms of eye floaters after treatment with a laser, according to a small US study. Floaters become more prevalent with age and although most patients grow accustomed to them, many find them bothersome, and they... July 26th, 2017

ORTHOPAEDIC

Anti-inflammatory with osteoporosis drug lowers hip fracture risk

Among older patients using medium to high doses of the anti-inflammatory steroid prednisolone, treatment with the osteoporosis drug alendronate was associated with a significantly lower risk of hip fracture, according to a Swedish study. Although... July 26th, 2017

PSYCHOLOGY

Traditional bullying still far more common than cyberbullying

Despite the growth of social media, the internet and their central role in modern childhood, traditional bullying – such as name-calling or being excluded by others – remains considerably more common than cyberbullying, according to the largest... July 26th, 2017

RESPIRATORY

Treating prem babies with caffeine improves later lung function

Premature babies treated with caffeine have better lung function in mid-childhood than preemies not treated with caffeine, according to an Australian randomised controlled trial. "Previous studies have shown that caffeine, which belongs to a... July 26th, 2017

TRANSPLANT MEDICINE

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