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August 16th, 2017 Moderate alcohol consumption over three-to-four days a week is associated with a markedly reduced risk of diabetes in both men and women, according to data from the Danish Health Examination Survey (DAHNES). Meanwhile, a separate University of...

August 16th, 2017 13A study of the brains of 202 former American football players found that 87% showed signs of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE), a degenerative brain disease linked to repeated blows to the head. The Boston University study found that 110 of...

Weekly Roundup

CARDIOLOGY

Pneumonia or sepsis in adults associated with increased CVD risk

Pneumonia or sepsis in adults that results in hospital admission is associated with a six-fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the first year, according to research. Cardiovascular risk was more than doubled in years two and three after... August 16th, 2017

ENDOCRINOLOGY

Weight gain between pregnancies link to increased GDM risk

The risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases with increased weight gain between pregnancies, according to a study by Linn Sorbye of the University of Bergen, Norway, and colleagues. GDM is defined as glucose intolerance of... August 16th, 2017

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

Rise in CO2 levels cutting dietary protein in staple crops

If CO2 levels continue to rise as projected, the populations of 18 countries may lose more than 5% of their dietary protein by 2050 due to a decline in the nutritional value of rice, wheat, and other staple crops, according to findings from Harvard... August 16th, 2017

HIV/AIDS

VMMC cuts female HIV risk by as much as 30%

Ground-breaking research presented at the recent International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science IAS 2017 in Paris, suggests that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) could lower HIV risk for women by as much as 30%, says an IoL... August 16th, 2017

Boosted darunavir plus lamivudine matches three-drug regimen

A combination of darunavir/ritonavir and lamivudine was just as effective as the same combination plus tenofovir, according to 24-week results of the ANDES study, presented by Professor Pedro Cahn from the Fundacion Huesped, clinical research,... August 16th, 2017

HIV/AIDS

ART administered intramuscularly as effective as oral Tx

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) intramuscularly administered may have the same effectiveness as current oral treatments. This is the main conclusion of the Phase II clinical trial carried out by 50 centres around the world – 9 in Spain – to which... August 16th, 2017

HIV stillbirth rate is double that of general UK population

The stillbirth rate among women living with HIV in the UK and Ireland from 2007 to 2015 was more than twice that of the general population, Graziella Favarato, presenting on behalf of the National Study of HIV in Pregnancy and Childhood (NSHPC),... August 16th, 2017

NUTRITION

Eating almonds may improve HDL cholesterol and functionality

Eating almonds on a regular basis may help boost levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol while simultaneously improving the way it removes cholesterol from the body, according to US research. This follows on earlier studies showing that... August 16th, 2017

OPTHALMOLOGY

Cases of blindness set to triple in four decades

The number of blind people across the world is set to triple within the next four decades, researchers led by Professor Rupert R A Bourne, at the Vision & Eye Research Unit, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, UK, suggest. They predict... August 16th, 2017

ORTHOPAEDIC

SCR surgical technique allows athletes to return to sports

The arthroscopic superior capsule reconstruction (SCR) surgical technique can offer patients with irreparable rotator cuff repairs the opportunity to return to sports and jobs that require heavy physical work, as presented in research today at the... August 16th, 2017

PSYCHOLOGY

Using money to buy time is linked with greater happiness

13Money spent on buying free time rather than material goods is linked with greater life satisfaction,  but relatively few people, even among the wealthy, make that choice, found a Harvard and University of British Columbia study. New research... August 16th, 2017

The long-term impact of spanking

Past research has indicated that physical punishment, such as spanking, has negative consequences on child development. However, most research studies have examined short-term associations – less than one year – between discipline and... August 16th, 2017

Mindfulness training helps reduce the pain experience

Mindfulness training and hypnotic suggestion significantly reduced acute pain, experienced by hospital patients, similar to what one might expect from an opioid painkiller. After participating in a single, 15-minute session of one of these mind-body... August 16th, 2017

SPORT AND EXERCISE MEDICINE

Non-pharmacological therapies for chronic fatigue syndrome symptoms

Graded exercise self-help (GES) is a safe intervention to reduce fatigue and, to a lesser extent, physical disability for patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, found the GETSET trial. Researchers led by Lucy Clark at the Centre for Psychiatry,... August 16th, 2017
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