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Weekly Roundup

ENDOCRINOLOGY

Non-invasive, adhesive patch measures glucose levels through skin

Scientists in the United Kingdom have created a non-invasive, adhesive patch that promises the measurement of glucose levels through the skin without a finger-prick blood test, potentially removing the need for millions of diabetics to frequently... April 18th, 2018

ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH

About 2.5 million deaths in 2016 linked to household air pollution

Researchers in China and the United Kingdom have estimated that worldwide about 2.5m deaths in 2016 were related to the household air pollution. In a large study in China, the researchers studied the association of long-term use of solid fuels for... April 18th, 2018

INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Malaria-infected children's skin smell attracts malaria mosquitos

Children infected with the malaria parasite Plasmodium were found to produce distinctive skin smells making them more attractive to malaria mosquitoes than uninfected children, according to an international study. The research opens up the... April 18th, 2018

Link found between HDL cholesterol and infectious disease risk

Most people recognise that there is a relationship between cholesterol levels and risk of heart disease. But new research from Copenhagen University Hospital and the University of Copenhagen shows that a certain kind of cholesterol might affect our... April 18th, 2018

INTERNAL MEDICINE

'Night owls' risk dying sooner than 'larks'

'Night owls' – people who like to stay up late and have trouble dragging themselves out of bed in the morning – have a higher risk of dying sooner than 'larks', people who have a natural preference for going to bed early and rise with the sun,... April 18th, 2018

MEDICAL PRACTICE

Patients happiest with doctors in less busy practices

Doctors who see fewer patients may get better online reviews than physicians who have higher-volume practices, a study of US urologists suggests, reports Reuters Health. Researchers examined data on 665 urologists with Medicare patients in... April 18th, 2018

NEUROLOGY

Scientists neutralise significant Alzheimer's gene

Scientists have claimed an important breakthrough in the battle against Alzheimer’s after neutralising the most significant gene responsible for the disease for the first time. The Daily Telegraph reports that a team in California successfully... April 18th, 2018

A sedentary life linked to reduced brain health

Sitting too much is linked to changes in a section of the brain that is critical for memory, according to a preliminary study by University of California Los Angeles researchers of middle-aged and older adults. Studies show that too much sitting,... April 18th, 2018

Cavernous malformation predicts haemorrhage risk in young adults

In people younger than 45, the presence of a cavernous malformation (CM) in the infratentorial region and the existence of a developmental venous anomaly (DVA) are reliable predictors for the risk of haemorrhage, according to retrospective findings... April 18th, 2018

NEUROSURGERY

New assessment tool builds on Glasgow Coma Scale

The University of Glasgow's Sir Graham Teasdale, co-creator of the Glasgow Coma Scale, has teamed up with Paul M Brennan and Gordon D Murray of the University of Edinburgh to create new assessment tools that build on the Glasgow Coma Scale to... April 18th, 2018

OBSTETRICS

Women at highest risk of heart failure within 6 weeks of delivery

Heart failure is a leading cause of maternal morbidity and death in the United States – with the rate of pregnancy-related deaths more than doubling between 1987 and 2011. Even so, much about heart failure-related hospitalisations before, during... April 18th, 2018

ONCOLOGY

One-two drug combo punch an effective treatment for lung cancers

A one-two combo punch using two currently available drugs could be an effective treatment for the majority of lung cancers, a study by scientists at the University of Texas Southwestern's Simmons Cancer Centre shows. Researchers found that a... April 18th, 2018

Common iron compounds may increase colon cancer risk

Two common iron compounds increase the formation of a known biomarker for cancer, according to a study of cancer cells from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden. The two compounds, ferric citrate and ferric EDTA, are often used in dietary... April 18th, 2018

PSYCHIATRY

Traumatic brain injury significantly increases dementia risk

The risk of dementia, including Alzheimer’s, was significantly higher in people who had experienced a traumatic brain injury (TBI) than for people who had no history of TBI, according to one of the largest studies to date on that association.... April 18th, 2018

PSYCHOLOGY

Long-lasting benefits of using meditation to sustain attention

Gains in the ability to sustain attention developed through intensive meditation training are maintained up to seven years later, reports a study is based on the Shamatha Project, a major investigation of the cognitive, psychological and biological... April 18th, 2018

PUBLIC HEALTH

Drinking alcohol above daily recommended limit shortens life

Drinking alcohol will shorten your life. Research in the United Kingdom suggests that every glass of wine or pint of beer over the daily recommended limit will cut half an hour from the expected lifespan of a 40-year-old, reports The Guardian.... April 18th, 2018

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