Wednesday, 17 August, 2022
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Editor's Pick

Wearing dentures may negatively affect nutritional intake – US study

Dentures may have a significant negative impact on a person’s overall nutrition, according to research from Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Dentistry....

US highway death toll messages have opposite effect, cause more crashes

Displaying the highway death toll on USA message boards is a common awareness campaign, but research has shown that this tactic actually leads to...

Anti-depressants not linked to better quality of life, over time – Saudi study

A study by a team in Saudi Arabia has found that in the long run, using anti-depressants is not associated with a significantly better...

FDA authorises breath test to detect COVID-19 in three minutes

A breath test that can pick up COVID-19 infections in patients in less than three minutes has been granted emergency use authorisation by the...

Mystery of why humans die around 80 may finally be solved – Cambridge study

The mystery of why humans die at around 80, while other mammals live much shorter or longer lives, may finally have been solved by...

Sleep apnoea breathing pauses reduced with sulthiame – Swedish trial

A University of Gothenburg study has paved the way for the first drug treatment for sleep apnoea. Compared with before receiving the treatment, breathing...

COVID-19 link to 5x higher risk of thrombotic events – Swedish cohort study

A large Swedish study has linked COVID-19 with greater risk for various of thrombotic events in the months after infection, that of deep vein...

People with epilepsy live 10-12-years shorter lives – Danish cohort study

Excess mortality is particularly pronounced among people with epilepsy and mental disorders, shows research from Aarhus University in Denmark. The study shows that people with...

Avocado consumption associated with significantly lower CVD risk – Harvard

A Harvard prospective study that followed more than 110,000 men and women for more than 30 years suggests that eating just two servings of...

Largest yet Ivermectin trial fails to show benefit in COVID outpatients

Early treatment with Ivermectin did not result in a lower incidence of medical admission to a hospital due to progression of COVID-19 or of...

GPs worldwide harshly impacted psychologically by pandemic – Meta-analysis

The pandemic has left many GPs worldwide feeling depressed, anxious and burned out, found a systematic review led by the University of York and published...

False positive readings for 50% of 3D mammograms over a decade of screening

Half of all women getting 3D mammograms will experience a false positive over a decade of annual screening, according to a study published in...

Harassment of US public health officials widespread in pandemic – Johns Hopkins

More than a third of local and state public health officials in the US who resigned or were fired in the first 10 months...

Microplastics found in human blood for first time – Dutch study

Microplastic pollution has been detected in human blood for the first time, with Dutch scientists finding the tiny particles in almost 80% of the...

Ketamine for the treatment of mental health and substance use disorders – Meta-analysis

An Anglo-Canadian study found “strong evidence” that iketamine provides rapid and robust anti-depressant and anti-suicidal effects, but the effects were relatively short-lived. “However, repeated...

ALTAR trial supports antibiotic alternative for recurrent urinary tract infections

The results of the ALATAR randomised clinical trial in the UK suggest a non-antibiotic antiseptic treatment may be as good as antibiotics for preventing...

Firearms overtake car crashes as cause of years of potential life lost in US trauma deaths

Firearms are now the leading cause of years of potential life lost (YPLL) in US trauma deaths, overtaking motor vehicle crashes (MVC) since 2017,...

Muscle-strengthening associated with lower NCD incidence and mortality risk – Meta-analysis

Muscle-strengthening is associated with lower risk of all-cause mortality and major non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and lung cancer, found a...

Height should be considered a risk factor for colorectal screening – Meta-analysis

A meta-analysis by Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers adds to evidence that taller adults may be more likely than shorter ones to develop colorectal cancer...

Pet ownership associated with slower cognitive decline, reduced disabilities in older people

Owning a pet, especially for five years or longer, may be linked to slower cognitive decline in older adults, according to a preliminary study...

Optimal number of daily steps to reduce all-cause mortality varies by age – Meta-analysis

A meta-analysis of 15 studies involving nearly 50,000 people from four continents offers new insights into identifying the amount of daily walking steps that...

Obesity in women significantly increases risk for airway obstructive diseases

A population-based cohort study in Korea has suggested that obesity may put women at a higher risk for airway obstructive diseases like chronic obstructive...

Supplementation: Vitamin D3, but not D2, stimulates human immune system

Contrary to widely held views, there are significant differences between the two types of vitamin D, with D3 appearing to boost the immune system...

Dentistry: No endocarditis increase with end to antibiotic prophylaxis – Karolinska Institutet

Sweden is one of few countries to have removed the dental health recommendation to give prophylactic antibiotics to people at a higher risk of...

Norwegian study: More confirmation of soccer headers’ effect on brain activity

Repetitive ‘headers’ and accidental head impacts in soccer lead to changes in blood patterns linked to brain signalling pathways and potential alterations, shows a...

Study of 4m people shows statin intolerance is over-estimated and over-diagnosed

As many as one in two patients stop taking statins, reduce the dose, or take them irregularly because they believe the cholesterol-lowering drugs cause...

Social isolation and loneliness linked to 27% higher CVD risk in older women

Social isolation and loneliness were associated with substantially increased risk of incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) among older women in the US, found a study...

Sustained dietary change can add almost a decade to lifespan – Norwegian study

A sustained dietary change may give substantial health gains for people of all ages, adding up to 9 years to lifespan, a Norwegian modelling study...

Five ways to optimise treatment and tackle in-hospital stroke – AHA scientific statement

Although hospitalised patients are in a monitored environment, stroke evaluation and treatment are often delayed when compared with patients arriving with a stroke at...

Australian trials suggest greater need for paediatric stroke thrombectomies

The poor natural history of large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke in children in Australia has added to the growing impetus for endovascular therapy (EVT)...

Strokes in COVID-19 patients associated with higher disability and death risk

Patients with COVID-19 who suffer acute ischaemic stroke (AIS) appear to be at significantly higher risk of severe disability and death compared with stroke...

Decade-long leukaemia remissions with CAR T-cell therapy – Landmark study

Two of the first human patients treated with a therapy that engineers immune cells to target specific types of cancer still possess cancer-killing cells...

Early onset comorbidities linked to higher risk of later dementia – 30-year study

People with two or more chronic conditions in midlife had a substantially higher risk of subsequent dementia, a prospective cohort  study analysing data from...

Physical activity 72 hours post-concussion is safe for children – PedCARE trial

Resuming non-contact physical activity three days after a concussion is safe and may reduce symptoms, as well as the risk of delayed recovery, found...

Calorie restriction associated with altered T cells and metabolic markers in MS

A small first-of-its-kind study from Johns Hopkins University found that intermittent calorie-restricted diets is associated with reduced memory T cell subsets in people with...

Wine drinking associated with lower COVID risk, but not beer, cider and spirits – UK Biobank analysis

Consumption of red wine, white wine and champagne above the guidelines protected against COVID-19, while consumption of beer, cider and spirits increased the risk,...

Oral immunotherapy to induce peanut allergy remission in young children – IMPACT trial

In children with a peanut allergy, initiation of peanut oral immunotherapy before age-four was associated with an increase in both desensitisation and remission, found...

Maternal COVID infection increases preterm/low birth/stillbirth rate in unvaccinated women

Unvaccinated pregnant women with COVID-19 are more likely to have poor birth outcomes, including preterm birth, small for gestational age, low birth weight, and...

Pharmacotherapy more effective than lifestyle change for weight loss – Systematic review

Of all the available medications for treatment of overweight and obesity, phentermine–topiramate and GLP-1 receptor agonists proved the best drugs, found a systematic review...

More olive oil, less butter, reduces risk of CVD mortality – large Harvard analysis

Consuming more than 7g (>1/2 tablespoon) of olive oil daily has been linked to a lower risk of cardiovascular disease mortality, cancer mortality, neurodegenerative...