Tuesday, 16 April, 2024
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Cardiology

Sugary drinks make boys more prone to diabetes than girls – US study

A long-term study of women and their children by Harvard University found sugary drinks increased insulin resistance and blood glucose levels in boys, but...

Value of lithotripsy for mitral valve stenosis

Until recently, there was sparse evidence of the value of a novel technology called intravascular lithotripsy-facilitated percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty (IVL-PBMV) for treating patients with severe...

Frequent cannabis use bumps up heart attack risk – US study

American researchers have suggested that people who frequently smoke weed have a greater risk of heart attack and stroke, after their analysis of several...

Women need half as much exercise as men for longevity – US study

Women need to exercise only half as much as men to reap the same longevity benefits, suggests a recent study – with the researchers...

Cutting back on salt as effective as BP meds

Reducing salt consumption by just one teaspoon a day could lower your blood pressure as much as hypertension medication, according to research presented at...

Gene-editing cholesterol trial paves way for groundbreaking treatment

The treatment of a handful of patients with severe heart disease, who volunteered for an experimental cholesterol-lowering treatment using gene editing, has paved the...

Sleeping beats sitting when it comes to heart health: UK study

A cross-sectional study investigating the impact of movement behaviour on cardiometabolic health suggests that replacing 30 minutes of daily sitting with equal time standing...

AI tool could predict heart attack 10 years ahead: Oxford study

Artificial intelligence could help predict if a person is likely to have a heart attack up to 10 years before it happens, suggest British...

Evolving heart failure risk factors in Africa calls for management rethink

Heart failure prevention and management requires a context-driven approach in African countries where it is an evolving syndrome with changing predictive risk factors, and...

Four-stage classification of heart attack paves way for new therapy developments

Acute myocardial infarction (heart attacks) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, and a recently released consensus statement by experts now has...

7 000 steps a day can reduce early CVD death risk, global study finds

An international study has disclosed for the first time the best number of steps at which most people obtain the greatest benefits – and...

Pig-heart transplant man making progress

The second person to have received a transplanted heart from a pig is recovering steadily, according to the patient’s medical team at the University...

Less than one-third of patients have rehabilitation after TAVR – US study

Most people who have a minimally invasive heart valve replacement procedure do not undergo recommended cardiac rehabilitation, say US researchers, who used clinical registry...

First-of-its-kind heart lifeline for Durban man

A patient with stage four heart failure, and who was no longer responding to treatment, has been given a new lease on life after...

Majority of hypertension patients not adequately treated – WHO report

The first ever report from the WHO on the devastating global impact of high blood pressure – and ways to beat this silent killer...

Genetic bad cholesterol drops 60% in Australian drug trial

Australian researchers have found a potential oral medication developed to lower, by as much as 65%, levels of ‘bad’ cholesterol – lipoprotein(a), or Lp(a)...

Stress, insomnia, tied to post-menopause atrial fibrillation – US study

Researchers have suggested that one in every four women might develop irregular heart rhythms – known at atrial fibrillation (AF) – after menopause, with stressful...

Wake-up call for governments as studies flag high risk of ultra processed foods

Experts say the dangers posed by the increasing and alarming global consumption of ultra-processed food – raised BP levels, heart disease and strokes –...

Middle-age weight gain combined with 'unhealthy traits' ups death risk

A team of scientists has found that people carrying extra weight in their 40s and 50s, and who also had slightly raised blood pressure,...

Snoring and apnoea linked to higher stroke risk – US study

Experts have found that people with the common sleep disorder apnoea – which has hundreds of millions of sufferers worldwide – are five times...

How to identify sudden cardiac arrest risk in young people

Although often seen as an issue for the elderly, sudden cardiac arrest – responsible for 65 000 deaths in Germany annually – can also...

Simple urine test might predict heart failure risk – Dutch study

People with consistently high levels of urinary albumin excretion (UAE) and serum creatinine in their urine are at higher risk of developing heart failure,...

The link between diabetes and arrhythmias

Up to 5% of the general population has some form of heart arrhythmia, the most common being atrial fibrillation ( “Afib”), with doctors saying...

Injection could replace drugs for high BP – British trial

A breakthrough may be on the horizon for millions of people suffering from high blood pressure – the leading cause of heart attacks and...

Donor liver protects heart transplant in US dual organ surgery

In a historic surgical procedure, an American patient received two donor organs, a liver and a heart, to prevent the extreme likelihood that her...

Public-private effort saves six-year-old heart patient

Intricate, lifesaving heart surgery at Netcare Sunninghill Hospital has given a a new lease on life to a six-year-old girl, who would have had...

Scientists find 16 genes that increase women’s heart attack risk

Researchers who conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of eight studies into Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection (SCAD), which can lead to heart attacks – particularly...

Two studies find beta blockers not always ideal for heart patients

Beta blockers have long been widely prescribed for patients with heart issues, but two recent studies question the benefit of the therapies in certain...

Several low-dose drugs better for BP than one pill – Australian meta-analysis

Researchers have found that taking three or four medications – at lower doses – rather than just a single pill, may help people lower...

Painkillers linked to heart failure in type 2 diabetes – Danish study

Patients with type 2 diabetes who use short-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have a greater risk of being hospitalised for heart failure,...

BMI a weak indicator of fatty tissue content, large analysis finds

After years of trying to discover how obesity could be an independent risk factor for the development of heart failure but somehow linked to...

Not enough night-time sleep linked to clogged arteries – Swedish study

Sleeping less than five hours a night has been linked to a 74% jump in risk of developing peripheral artery disease (PAD), compared with...

Double heart disease risk with low carb, high fat diet – Canadian study

Scientists carrying out an observational study concluded that following a keto-like low-carbohydrate, high-fat diet, is linked to an increase in LDL levels and a...

Large study finds marijuana smokers at high risk of heart attacks

People who smoke marijuana or eat weed-laced edibles daily are a third more likely to develop coronary artery disease (CAD). And, according to the authors...

Stroke, heart attack risk linked to sweetener – US study

Research has linked a commonly used product, erythritol, with greater risk of cardiovascular problems. Currently, there are no long-term clinical trials examining the safety of...

Covid shot associated with fewer cardiac events – US study

After analysing the most extensive datasets in the United States, researchers have revealed that vaccination against Covid-19 is associated with fewer heart attacks, strokes...

Genetic research key to address critical rates of SCD, local experts say

Sudden cardiac deaths (SCD), especially in the young, should be deemed a clinical health priority, and urgently treated as such, with general practitioners playing...

No conclusive CVD risk link to ADHD medicines – Swedish meta-analysis

With the increase of medication prescribed for Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in recent years, concern has grown about the possible link with cardiac problems. However,...

Strong results for two BP-lowering drugs in resistant hypertension

Two novel drugs showed promise for blood pressure (BP) lowering in people with treatment-resistant hypertension, according to research presented at the American Heart Association...

Rethinking AF treatment to prevent life-threatening conditions – Canadian studies

A Canadian study is shedding light on how to more effectively treat atrial fibrillation (AF), showing that early intervention with cryoballoon catheter ablation (cryoablation)...