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Cardiovascular

New ESC and EACTS valvular disease guidelines

In line with recent US recommendations, the newest European guidelines favour a wider pool of patients eligible for surgical and transcatheter interventions for valvular...

Stroke risk 7x higher in sedentary under-60s — Large Canadian study

Adults under 60 who spend eight or more house a day sitting have a sevenfold higher risk of stroke compared with those who spent...

Evidence of vitamin K benefits for heart health — 23-year Australia study

Researchers at Australia’s New Edith Cowan University (ECU) found that people who eat a diet rich in vitamin K have up to a 34%...

Association between womenʼs middle-age height loss and greater risk of death

Women who experience greater height loss during middle age may be at higher risk of death, Swedish research suggests. Scientists previously found that shorter people...

Moderate drinking not associated with increased heart or death risk — Large UK analysis

Those drinking up to 62 grams of alcohol per day – equivalent to two glasses of wine – did not have an increased risk...

Single-shot abelacimab cuts venous thromboembolism risk in knee surgery

A single abelacimab injection prevents blood clots for up to a month after surgery, reducing risk by about 80% compared with enoxaparin, without increasing...

Mortality benefit to adding rivaroxaban to aspirin in coronary artery disease — COMPASS trial

Combining rivaroxaban with aspirin may help certain patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or peripheral artery disease (PAD) live longer than they would with...

Ramadan fasting and cardiovascular disease — Newham University recommendations

Expert consensus says Muslim patients at high cardiovascular risk should not observe strict fasting during Ramadan, writes MedicalBrief. While recommendations on ‘safeʼ fasting exist for...

Final SPRINT study confirms benefits of aggressive BP management

Final results from the landmark SPRINT study confirm that aggressive blood pressure (BP) management, targeting a systolic blood pressure (SBP) below 120 mm Hg,...

Experts urge action to reduce global burden of cardiovascular disease in women

Urgent action is needed to improve care and prevention, fill knowledge gaps and increase awareness about cardiovascular disease in women, according to a report...

Baby Aspirin on par with full-dose for cardiovascular disease

A large landmark study found that low-dose and regular-strength aspirin is equally safe and effective for preventing additional heart problems in people who already...

Omega-3 supplementation linked with atrial fibrillation risk — Meta-analysis

Omega-3 supplements are associated with an increased likelihood of developing atrial fibrillation in people with high blood lipids, a meta-analysis of randomised control trials...

Lowering BP significantly reduces CV risk even at normal levels

Even in those with normal or only mildly elevated blood pressure (BP), anti-hypertensive medication lowering of BP protects against future cardiovascular (CV) events, found...

'Striking' association of cardiovascular risk factors with late-life cognitive decline

An increase in risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) during young adulthood is associated with cognitive decline in late life, a US data analysis...

CVD the leading cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) was the leading cause of death among the over 16,000 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) who were enrolled in the...

Cancer survivors face elevated risk of cardiovascular disease over 10 years

A study has found that about 35% of Americans with a cancer history had an elevated risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) in the...

Stroke risk higher than expected among COVID-19 patients

Research found patients hospitalized with COVID-19 had a higher risk of stroke, compared with patients who had similar infectious conditions such as influenza and...

Statins found to have no effect on muscle pain in placebo trial

A study has found no overall effect of statins on the frequency or severity of muscle symptoms compared with placebo in people who had...

Large data analysis links cholesterol levels to heart disease and stroke risk

An observational and modelling study which used individual-level data from almost 400,000 people extends existing research because it suggests that increasing levels of non-HDL...

Landmark study highlights importance of cholesterol monitoring of young adults

Adults as young as 25, not only older people, need to know their “bad cholesterol” (non-HDL) levels so they can change their lifestyle or...

Canadian review: Aspirin not recommended for those not at risk of CVD

Those who've never had a heart attack or stroke, should not be taking daily aspirin to prevent them, found a Canadian review of ...

New NICE hypertension guidelines a 'pragmatic compromise’ — The Lancet

The latest UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines on antihypertensives "should be welcomed" as "a pragmatic compromise", writes The Lancet in an...

Pets, especially dogs, linked with better cardiovascular health

Pet owners were more likely to report more physical activity, better diet and blood sugar at ideal level, with the greatest benefits for those...

Quitting smoking associated with lower risk of CVD

Heavy cigarette smokers with at least a 20 pack-year smoking history can reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) by 39% within five years if...

Daily 4-in-1 polypill could cut CVD risk in low-income countries

A study has shown that a daily pill containing four medicines can cut the number of heart attacks and strokes by a third, BBC...

Insomnia potentially increases CVD and stroke risk

People suffering from insomnia are potentially at a higher risk of coronary artery disease, heart failure, and stroke, according to a study. In this...

Vitamin D supplements do not reduce cardiovascular risk

While previous research has suggested a link between low levels of vitamin D in the blood and an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, a...

High daily coffee use not linked to arterial stiffness — large study

In a large middle-aged UK cohort without cardiovascular disease, moderate to heavy coffee consumption — up to 25 cups a day — was not...

More aggressive statin therapy sometimes needed to fight 'bad' cholesterol

A study shows more aggressive treatment may be needed for a large number of patients taking statin medications, and that treatment could help reduce...

Upper limit put on safe consumption of coffee

Latte, cappuccino or short black, a morning coffee is an essential for many people looking to kick start their day. But while the humble...

Work stress and impaired sleep linked to 3x higher CVD risk

Work stress and impaired sleep are linked to a threefold higher risk of cardiovascular death in employees with hypertension, found a German study with...

Long-term antibiotic use linked to higher stroke and heart risk in women

Women who take antibiotics over a long period of time are at increased risk of heart attack or stroke, according to research carried out...

Only 6% of patients follow statin regimen that can halve cardiovascular risk

Patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease cut their risk of a second major adverse cardiovascular event by almost 50%, if they adhere to taking a...

AHA and ACC release prevention of CVD guidelines

The choices we make every day can have a lasting effect on our heart and vascular health. Adopting a heart healthy eating plan, getting...

Major bleeding risk with warfarin and aspirin together

Combination warfarin and aspirin therapy was associated with significantly increased bleeding but similar observed rates of thrombosis and mortality, found a seven-year US study....

High waist-to-stature ratio reflects increased CVD risk

Health experts have warned for years that men and women with excess abdominal fat run a greater risk of developing cardiovascular problems. However, individuals...

Exercise test predicts CVD mortality risk

Performance on a simple exercise test predicts the risk of death from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other causes, reports a large study presented at...

Smoke-free policies associated with lower blood pressure

Non-smokers who had access to smoke-free restaurants, bars and workplaces had lower systolic blood pressure readings than those who lived in areas without smoke-free...

Mixed results from trials on cardiovascular benefits of fish oil

VITAL and REDUCE-IT – both highly anticipated trials revolving around the cardiovascular benefits of fish oil products – delivered mixed results at this year’s...

Energy drinks notably diminish blood vessel function in young adults

Young, healthy adults experienced acute, significant diminished blood vessel function soon after consuming one energy drink, according to preliminary research from a small study...