Monday, 15 April, 2024
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Neurology

Prolonged use of some hormone drugs tied to tumour risk

Researchers in France have suggested that prolonged use of certain progestogen hormone drugs might be associated with an increased risk of developing a type...

Autism risk may rise with in-utero anti-seizure meds – US study

A study by American researchers suggests that the incidence of autism spectrum disorder is higher among children exposed to topiramate in the second half...

Tremor pushes up dementia risk threefold – Texas cohort study

People with essential tremor (ET) have nearly a three times greater risk of developing dementia compared with the general population, suggest researchers, with a...

Neurological conditions now the number one cause of disease globally

Neurological conditions are now the leading cause of ill health and disability worldwide, surpassing cardiovascular disease and leading to a call for a change...

Paediatric atopic dermatitis linked to learning, memory issues

A large cross-sectional study in the US has suggested that paediatric atopic dermatitis could be associated with a greater risk of learning and memory...

Scientists ID proteins that could predict dementia – US-China study 


A simple blood test to identify patients at risk of dementia will speed up development of new treatments, say scientists, whose study of frozen...

Viagra linked to lower Alzheimer’s risk – UK study

Researchers have suggested that men who take the erectile dysfunction pill Viagra – and similar medications – are 18% less likely to develop the most...

Higher risk of long-term neurodevelopmental issues for preterm babies

Previous research has found that children born early have higher risks of neurodevelopmental and behavioural disabilities in the first years of life and throughout...

Lifelong burden of childhood meningitis – Swedish analysis

Nearly one-third of adults in a Swedish cohort who contracted bacterial meningitis as children have permanent neurologic disabilities as a result, according to a...

False hope of new Alzheimer’s wonder drugs?

With dementia and Alzheimer’s disease affecting millions of people worldwide, and cases predicted to triple over the next 40 years, it was unsurprising that...

Mobile app helps predict migraine triggers – US study

A recent study used a mobile app to more accurately predict when a migraine will occur – and help stave off attacks – by...

Alzheimer’s may pass between humans in rare cases – UK study

Alzheimer’s can be spread from human to human through rare medical accidents, research suggests, although experts stress there is no evidence the disease can...

Ultrasound accelerates Alzheimer’s plaque removal in US trials

Preliminary results of a small study involving a new Alzheimer’s therapy have shown potential in the first human trials, and been described as “intriguing” by experts,...

Brain changes from hearing loss linked to dementia – US study

Scientists have suggested that hearing loss causes structural changes in parts of the brain related to symptoms of dementia – regions associated with attention...

Ibuprofen less effective than other drugs for migraine attacks – US study

Finding a migraine treatment that is effective and reliable, and information on how medications compare to one another, is lacking, say researchers, whose recent...

Austrian study supports 'Zoom fatigue' reports

With videoconferencing skyrocketing in popularity since the pandemic, there have been anecdotal accounts of a phenomenon some call “Zoom fatigue” – a unique state...

Blood tests for Alzheimer’s within five years, predict UK researchers

Diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease can be a difficult and lengthy process, but within the next few years, this could change, thanks to one or more...

Tai chi could retard Parkinson’s symptoms for years: Chinese study

Tai chi may help slow down the symptoms of Parkinson's disease for several years, a five-year Chinese study has suggested, with the researchers saying...

Cutting back, quitting alcohol, may reverse brain shrinkage: US study

A study by American researchers has suggested that quitting or cutting back on drinking can improve brain health, and that people who reduced their...

Most detailed mapping ever of human brain

A major research initiative has catalogued thousands of types of brain cells and where they are located, producing a resource that should help study...

Global analysis predicts 10m annual stroke deaths by 2050

A recently published report has suggested that by 2050, deaths from stroke could jump to 9.7m a year globally, a massive jump from 2020’s 6.6m deaths,...

Parkinson’s detectable before physical symptoms show – Australian research

The injection of a synthetic compound can highlight neurodegeneration in patients in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease – years before physical symptoms show...

Down’s families’ fight for access to Alzheimer’s trials, treatments

While advocacy groups and families of people with Down syndrome are lobbying for their inclusion in drug trials for Alzheimer’s – the most common...

Routine technique could ID coma patients who may be conscious – US study

Some brain injury patients may appear to be in a coma but are not, suggest scientists, who said a routine clinical care technique could...

New guidelines for determining brain death

An updated set of guidelines to determine brain death was released in the US this week, the first amended recommendations in more than a...

Patients had lucid death experiences after CPR revival, finds study

For up to an hour after their hearts had stopped, some patients revived by CPR had clear memories afterwards of experiencing death, and had...

Two-year-old diagnosed with childhood dementia

Charlotte Colley is mostly just like any other two-year-old, going to day-care, splashing about in the pool or at the beach, and having no...

SA experts torchbearers in new concussion treatment

South African experts have played a leading role in developing new world guidelines on how to prevent and reduce the risk of concussion in...

Largest CTE study flags young athletes’ brain trauma risk

Experts are urgently calling for more oversight of junior contact sports, after the largest-ever study of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in young athletes found...

Reflux medication-use linked to dementia – US analysis

A recent study adds to the ongoing discussion about proton pump inhibitors and cognition, after an analysis of 5 700 older adults suggested that...

Groote Schuur team changes lives with epilepsy surgery

Groote Schuur is the first government hospital to perform a procedure to alleviate seizures in adults with temporal lobe epilepsy – an operation, known...

Novel treatment offers hope to ADHD children

A collaborative study has found that stimulating the brain using electrodes could ease symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, and help...

Paralysed man can move and feel after neural bypass

A man who was paralysed from the chest down after a diving accident in 2020 is now able to lift his arms again, and...

New drugs a boost for Alzheimer's treatment but finding cause must be a priority

While the world finally has a disease-modifying drug for Alzheimer’s – and by the end of this year, likely to have another – and...

Chronic constipation linked to cognitive decline – US study

A large study has found that infrequent bowel movements are associated with a startling 73% increased risk of cognitive decline, including deficits in memory...

Experts hail latest results for Alzheimer’s drug, despite side effects

Eli Lilly’s experimental drug donanemab slowed the progression of Alzheimer’s by 60% for patients in the earliest stages of the brain-wasting disease, according to...

US study identifies component in breast milk that boosts brain function

A team of researchers has discovered that myo-inositol, a small cyclic sugar molecule found in breast milk – and also in a typical adult...

Doctor who killed children diagnosed with post-partum depression, court hears

Post-partum depression was under the spotlight this week when High Court proceedings in New Zealand began unravelling the circumstances leading to the tragic deaths...

Hope for Parkinson’s treatment by 2030

A former diabetes trial drug could offer new hope in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease, say scientists, whose recent trial findings indicated that the...

Depression after TBI could be new clinical disorder – US study

A recent study has suggested that depression after a traumatic brain injury (TBI) could actually be a clinically distinct disorder rather than a traditional...