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Dementia risk reduced with higher blood levels of two carotenoids – NIH study

Higher serum levels of two kinds of carotenoids were tied to lower risk of developing dementia over time, with dementia risk associated with blood...

People with epilepsy live 10-12-years shorter lives – Danish cohort study

Excess mortality is particularly pronounced among people with epilepsy and mental disorders, shows research from Aarhus University in Denmark. The study shows that people with...

Pet ownership associated with slower cognitive decline, reduced disabilities in older people

Owning a pet, especially for five years or longer, may be linked to slower cognitive decline in older adults, according to a preliminary study...

Early menopause may raise dementia risk later – UK study of 150,000 women

Compared with women who enter menopause at about 50, women who experience very early menopause (before 40) were found to be 35% more likely...

Anti-epileptic dosages associated with breakthrough seizures in pregnancy – MONEAD study

Blood levels of many commonly used anti-epileptic drugs drop dramatically in pregnancy, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh and the University of Minnesota have...

Five ways to optimise treatment and tackle in-hospital stroke – AHA scientific statement

Although hospitalised patients are in a monitored environment, stroke evaluation and treatment are often delayed when compared with patients arriving with a stroke at...

Australian trials suggest greater need for paediatric stroke thrombectomies

The poor natural history of large vessel occlusion (LVO) stroke in children in Australia has added to the growing impetus for endovascular therapy (EVT)...

Early onset comorbidities linked to higher risk of later dementia – 30-year study

People with two or more chronic conditions in midlife had a substantially higher risk of subsequent dementia, a prospective cohort  study analysing data from...

Calorie restriction associated with altered T cells and metabolic markers in MS

A small first-of-its-kind study from Johns Hopkins University found that intermittent calorie-restricted diets is associated with reduced memory T cell subsets in people with...

Epstein-Barr virus may be leading cause of Multiple Sclerosis – Harvard cohort study

Multiple Sclerosis (MS), a progressive disease that affects 2.8m people worldwide and for which there is no definitive cure, may be caused by infection...

Academic education may retard brain degeneration – Swiss study

A Swiss long-term study found that certain degenerative processes are reduced in the brains of academics, with their brains better able to compensate for...

High resting heart rate linked to increased dementia risk and faster cognitive decline

Higher resting heart rate (RHR) was linked to significantly greater dementia risk and faster cognitive decline independent of cardiovascular disease in a study of...

Self-administered test predicts early signs of Alzheimer's and dementia sooner

A simple, self-administered test developed by researchers at the Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center, College of Medicine and College of Public Health can...

Emotional upset and heavy physical exertion as stroke triggers — Interstroke study

The study found that one in 11 survivors experienced a period of anger or upset in the hour leading up to it. It also...

Blood-brain barrier changes may explain progression of Parkinson’s disease

A US study has identified what appears to be a significant vascular defect in patients with moderately severe Parkinson’s disease, a finding that may...

Childhood-onset epilepsy may speed brain ageing by 10 years — Finnish study

Childhood-onset epilepsy appeared to speed up brain ageing by about 10 years, a found a small prospective study in Finland over more than 50...

Daily multivitamins linked to slower cognitive ageing — COSMOS-Mind study

A multivitamin taken daily for three years has been linked to a 60% slowing of cognitive ageing, with the effects especially pronounced in patients...

Plasma from runners as a treatment for early Alzheimer’s — Norwegian trial

A year-long clinical trial with five-year followup, led by the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, is examining whether a monthly transfusion of blood...

Aspirin possibly has ‘modest effect’ in dementia prevention and cognitive impairment

Daily aspirin failed to turn up a significant impact on dementia and cognitive function in an analysis of the ASCEND trial, but the analysis...

Insomnia a possible risk factor for fatal brain aneurysm rupture

Insomnia may be a potential risk factor for a brain bleed from a ruptured aneurysm along with more well known risk factors of smoking...

Women who breastfeed exhibit cognitive benefits after age 50

Women over 50-years of age who had breastfed their babies performed better on cognitive tests compared with women who had never breastfed, found a...

Animal study with decades-old generic suggests new approach to Alzheimerʼs

A generic drug used widely to treat swelling associated with hypertension and heart failure showed hints in early research that it may also prevent...

‘Mozart effect’ returns: New study identifies sonata as potential epilepsy therapy

Listening to Mozart’s Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major may be associated with less frequent spikes of electrical activity in the brains of...

Single brain scan predicts tipping point for symptom onset in Alzheimer’s

The age of symptom onset in sporadic Alzheimer’s is strongly correlated with the age that an individual reaches a tipping point in amyloid accumulation...

Antioxidant treatment fails to slow progression in early Parkinson’s

The hypothesis that raising the brain levels of the natural antioxidant urate through the medicine inosine could slow the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD)...

Limiting screen time after concussion shortens duration of symptoms — US clinical trial

A clinical trial of 125 young adults shows that those who limited screen time for 48 hours immediately after a concussion had a significantly...

Parkinson’s: 7 strategies used to deal with walking difficulties assessed

A Dutch study assesses the efficacy of a variety of compensation strategies that have been developed by people with Parkinson’s to overcome walking difficulties. Various...

ADHD linked to increased dementia risk across family generations

There is an association between ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) and dementia in families and across generations, found a large Karolinska Institutet analysis, writes MedicalBrief. Parents...

Neurological injury biomarkers in acute COVID-19 normalise in the long term – Swedish study

The normalisation of central nervous system (CNS) injury biomarkers in all individuals, regardless of previous disease severity or persisting neurological symptoms, indicates that post...

Professional rugby players’ brains can be affected in single season

Just one season of professional rugby could cause a decline in a player’s blood flow to the brain and cognitive function, according to a...

Low-dose aspirin linked to lower dementia risk when started early — Large cohort study

Low dose acetylsalicylic acid (LDASA) may have some protective benefit against cognitive decline, but only if started well before symptoms begin, according to a...

Stroke survivors may halve all-cause mortality through physical activity

Stroke survivors who walk or garden at least three to four hours per week, or bike at least two to three hours per week,...

Some diabetes drugs may reduce the risk of Alzheimerʼs disease — Korea study

A Korean study has found that people taking certain drugs to lower blood sugar for type 2 diabetes had less amyloid in the brain,...

Severe traumatic brain injury: Don’t be too hasty in pulling the plug

Recent research adds to a body of evidence indicating decisions about withdrawing life-sustaining treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) should not...

Neurological injury biomarkers in acute COVID-19 normalise in the long term – Swedish study

The normalisation of central nervous system (CNS) injury biomarkers in all individuals, regardless of previous disease severity or persisting neurological symptoms, indicates that post...

Driving patterns identified by GPS can pinpoint early Alzheimer's Disease

Use of GPS to monitor subtle shifts in on-road behaviour can accurately distinguish cognitively normal older drivers with preclinical Alzheimer’s disease from those without...

Soccer: Defenders and outfielders have up to 5x greater dementia risk

The position played and career length have been identified as particular risk factors for UK footballers and their increased risks of dementia, according to...

Cognitively active lifestyle may delay onset of Alzheimer's dementia by five years

A cognitively active lifestyle — reading, writing letters and playing card games or puzzles — in old age (80+) may delay the onset of...

Vagus nerve stimulation: A potential new treatment for ischaemic stroke

Vagus nerve stimulation in patients who had moderate-to-severe loss of arm function after suffering from ischaemic stroke at least 9 months before enrolment, resulted...

Under 6 hours sleep a night associated with 30% higher dementia risk

Those who persistently slept six hours or less per night were roughly 30% more likely to develop dementia, compared to those with normal sleep...