Two more people have died from listeriosis in South Africa, raising the death toll to 193, according to the National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD), says the Saturday Star. In its weekly update, the institute revealed that since 1 January last year, 81 of those who died were babies younger than 28 days and 10 were children aged between 1 month and 14 years.
It noted that since the recall on 4 March of ready-to-eat processed meat products manufactured at Enterprise Foods’ Polokwane facility, 43 laboratory-confirmed cases had been reported. This facility has been identified as the source of the outbreak.
“There have been 24 new laboratory-confirmed cases in the 28 days age group and three new laboratory-confirmed cases in the 1-month to 14 years age group.” The institute said that as at April 9, a total of 1,011 laboratory-confirmed listeriosis cases were reported to the NICD since 1 January, 2017.
Most cases were reported from Gauteng, followed by Western Cape and KwaZulu-Natal and had been diagnosed in both the public and private healthcare sectors.
“While cases continue to decline, it is expected that some new outbreak-related cases could still be reported, for the following reasons: the incubation period of listeriosis can be up to 70 days; the implicated food products have a long refrigeration shelf life, and it is possible that despite the recall some products were not removed from retail/home settings, and consumption might occur; the possibility of cross-contamination of other types of foods in the retail or home setting may result in additional cases,” said the institute.
More than a month after a recall of some Tiger Brands products, and a shut-down of Tiger Brands facilities, the company is still trying to get to the bottom of the deadly listeriosis outbreak. Providing an update this week, a Daily Maverick report quotes Nevashnee Naicker, spokesperson for Tiger Brands as saying the company has been “working to get to the bottom of the listeria detection at our Polokwane facility and some of our products”.
The report says four Tiger Brand factories had been closed after Health Minister Dr Aaron Motsoaledi announced a breakthrough in the ongoing investigation into the source of the deadly outbreak of listeriosis. During a briefing on 4 March, Motsoaledi confirmed that the outbreak had originated at an Enterprise factory in Polokwane, Limpopo. Immediately following this announcement, all polony and other cold meat products were recalled nationally from retailers. Enterprise falls under Tiger Brands, which then immediately closed four facilities including an abbatoir and three manufacturing plants.
Naicker said in the report that the company’s affected facilities will only be re-opened once all criteria had been met, working in conjunction with the Department of Health. Tiger Brands claims that they have virtually deconstructed the factories and equipment as part of their investigations and as they proceed with deep-cleaning protocols. The company did, however, say they are unsure of the criteria they would have to meet for government to allow them to open shop again.
The report says as many lives have been claimed and affected by the outbreak, two class action lawsuits have been brought against Tiger Brands by Richard Spoor Attorneys and LHL Attorneys. After reports of confusion regarding the cases against them, Tiger Brands felt it necessary to note that they are not opposed to the class action lawsuit, but rather “before it can be launched and pursued, a class action must be certified as such by the court. The certification process requires the filing of an appropriate certification application”.
The company says that the two separate and competing applications for certification of the same class action have been filed in this matter. At this stage, Tiger Brands is opposing the applications, because, procedurally, the same class action cannot be certified in more than one application. The court will decide whether it is appropriate for a class action to be certified and if so, the terms of such certification.
After being approached by a number of people who had been affected by listeriosis, Richard Spoor representative, Thami Malusi says that the firm thought it made sense for them to take on Tiger Brands. A motivating factor in this decision is knowing that few South African law firms could take on such a big corporation and “do it as well as they can”.
The report says to date, 110 complainants have come to Richard Spoor Attorneys since the deadly outbreak. This comes after the attorneys made a public appeal to those who have been affected by the deadly listeriosis outbreak.
Referring to Tiger Brands saying they cannot have two class action lawsuits against them simultaneously Malusi said: “If we were to go to court, just on that issue of which of the two law firms should bring the class action, that would take about two to three years to do, even before we start arguing the case itself. So, it does not make sense for us to go that route.”
The report said the other option for the two law firms is to combine the class actions. Malusi said: “It makes more sense to do that, but it needs to be done on the basis that it makes sense for us and the class action. We will be making a decision soon. Whatever decision we make, it will be driven by best interest of the class action, that is the victims.”
While the cause of this particular strain of the ST6 listeriosis outbreak is still unknown, it was confirmed by Motsoaledi in March that the outbreak originated at the Enterprise factories of Tiger Brands inPolokwane, Limpopo. Since the recall was announced by Motsoaledi, shops around the country have hastily removed cold meat products from their shelves. South African sausage exports have been banned by countries such as Rwanda, Zimbabwe, Seychelles and Mozambique following the recall. This has cost around R100m, according to Niki Kruger from the Department of Trade and Industry.
In a response to the question about what the Department of Health has done to ensure that there is not another outbreak, spokesperson Popo Maja is quoted in the report as saying: “The South African government, together with the World Health Organisation, has established a multi-sectoral incident management team to respond to the outbreak. In addition to monitoring the decline in cases since the outbreak, the team is developing a multisectoral incident response plan whose components will contribute to strengthening food safety.”
In a statement released by Tiger Brands on its website, losses directly associated to the recall and halt in production will cost the company between R337m and R377m.
The report says the Health Department had not yet responded to all queries about an update at the time of publication.