Sunday, 14 April, 2024
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NHS England bans puberty blockers at clinics

British children who have gender dysphoria will no longer be given puberty blockers, NHS England has said, adding that there was insufficient evidence about either how safe they are or whether they are clinically effective to justify prescribing them to young people who are transitioning.

The announcement was made in response to the results of a public consultation on the ban, which it first proposed last June, and a review of available evidence by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice).

The decision means the new regional services caring for under-18s with gender dysphoria, which open next month, will not use them as part of the treatment.

Instead, reports The Guardian, from now on, children and young people will only be able to get them if they are participating in a clinical trial. At least one such trial is due to start later this year, but no details, such as who will be eligible to join it, have been published.

The NHS’ decision reaffirms the position it adopted last year on puberty blockers after Dr Hilary Cass, who is leading an independent review into gender identity services for under-18s, issued interim advice warning against routine prescription of the drugs.

In late 2020, NHS England asked Cass, an ex-president of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, to look into gender identity services. At the time they were provided for the whole of England solely by the NHS’ Tavistock and Portman mental health trust in London – whose treatment of under-18s with gender dysphoria, including its use of puberty blockers, had attracted criticism.

Fewer than 100 children and young people are taking puberty blockers.

The trust’s gender identity development service is closing at the end of this month. The first two new centres will open in April at two specialist children’s hospitals: Great Ormond Street in London and Alder Hey Children’s Hospital in Liverpool.

NHS England hopes to ultimately create seven or eight centres.

However, the services they provide will be what NHS sources say will be “fundamentally different from the current service, in line with the Cass recommendations”.

Maria Caulfield, the Health Minister, said: “We welcome this landmark decision by the NHS to end the routine prescription of puberty blockers and this guidance which recognises that care must be based on evidence, expert clinical opinion and in the best interests of the child.

“The NHS must ensure its Gender Identity Services protect, support and act in the best interests of children and we will continue to work with NHS England to protect children in this area.”

Stonewall, an (LGBTQ+) charity, objected to the new policy. “All trans young people deserve access to high quality, timely healthcare,” said a spokesperson.

“For some, an important part of this care comes in the form of puberty blockers, a reversible treatment that delays the onset of puberty, prescribed by expert endocrinologists, giving the young person extra time to evaluate their next steps. We are concerned that NHS England will be putting new prescriptions on hold until a research protocol is up and running at the end of 2024.”

Sex Matters, which campaigns on how sex is used in law and other environments, praised the “return to evidence-based policymaking in gender identity services”.

Executive director Maya Forstater said the significance of NHS England’s statement – of a lack of evidence for the safety of puberty blockers – “cannot be overstated, given the success activist lobby groups have had in portraying them as a harmless and reversible treatment”.


Cass Evidence Review (Open access)


The Guardian article – Children to stop getting puberty blockers at gender identity clinics, says NHS England (Open access)


See more from MedicalBrief archives:


UK watchdog probes gender clinic linked to scandal-hit Tavistock


Landmark UK ruling on puberty blockers for under-16s


The costs of puberty blockers for transgender children


Trans children deserve the truth about puberty-blockers





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