Tuesday, 16 April, 2024
HomeAfricaNigeria launches mass meningitis vaccination campaign after 336 deaths

Nigeria launches mass meningitis vaccination campaign after 336 deaths

Nigeria is launching a mass vaccination campaign as part of its emergency response to an outbreak of meningitis in its north-western states, as the death toll climbed to 336, said the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control.

Reuters Africa reports that, according to the centre, the number of suspected cases has hit 2,997, over 1,000 more than at the beginning of last week, when 269 people had died.

If unchecked, the surge in infections could raise the prospect of a repeat of 2009, when more than 2,000 Nigerians died from the disease. Basic healthcare is limited in rural parts of the country, where most people live on less than $2 a day, despite the country's huge oil resources.

The emergency response includes vaccination campaigns across the affected states, beginning on Wednesday, the centre said. "The team will also deploy and coordinate a robust national communication and social mobilisation campaign, focused on (meningitis) prevention and control in rural and urban areas of affected states," the centre said.

The report says the most affected states are Zamfara, Katsina, Kebbi, Niger and Sokoto, while the worst-hit population group is children aged five to 14.

Meningitis is the inflammation of tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord which can be caused by viral or bacterial infections.

Nigeria lies on the meningitis belt, stretching from the Sahel region to the Horn of Africa, where outbreaks occur regularly.

[link url="http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFKBN1762A7-OZATP"]Reuters Africa report[/link]

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