A report published by the UK’s Stroke Association reveals that over 110,000 people could be saved from a stroke by 2035, if research into prevention procedures were properly funded.
The charity’s latest report warns that over the next 20 years, more people every year will be living with stroke, and by 2035 there will be over 2m stroke survivors in the UK, with around 700,000 living with long-term disabilities. However, the findings also reveal that a £10m investment into prevention research could change the story and save 114,000 people from having a stroke.
Dominic Brand, director of external affairs at the Stroke Association, said: “The fact is that most strokes are preventable but there’s still a lot we don’t know. This report highlights some of the key areas that desperately need investment. We are currently funding a number of smaller studies focusing on stroke prevention, including blood pressure management, treatments for atrial fibrillation (AF), and the prevention of haemorrhagic stroke. These latest findings show that a £10m investment into these types of studies could save over 110,000 people from having a stroke by 2035.
“The annual number of stroke survivors is expected to increase dramatically by 2035 and the cost to the National Health Service (NHS) is set to rise to over £10bn in 2035 (from around £3bn) in 2015. It’s clear that we need to act now to prevent the UK from sleepwalking towards a stroke crisis.”
Currently, the Stroke Association estimates that there are over 1.2m stroke survivors in the UK, with someone experiencing a stroke every five minutes. Around 835,000 people in England are known to have AF, which increases a person’s risk of stroke five times.
However, many patients are on a treatment that is not effectively lowering their stroke risk, and, an estimated 250,000 people are living with undiagnosed AF. Around eight million people have been diagnosed with high blood pressure, which is the biggest controllable risk factor for stroke. Yet four in ten people are not receiving appropriate treatment to manage their blood pressure, and it’s thought that around 5m people are unaware that they have the condition in England alone.”
Brand continued: “Stroke causes a greater range of disabilities than any other condition, but research into stroke remains underfunded. For example, haemorrhagic stroke is the most deadly type of stroke, and those patients who do survive are more likely to experience severe disability. But currently there are no effective treatments for these strokes, which are caused by bleeds rather than clots in the brain. We urgently need to find effective ways to prevent the devastation that haemorrhagic stroke can bring, as well preventing and managing conditions with a higher risk of stroke, such as AF and high blood pressure.”
The study was undertaken at Queen Mary University of London and London School of Economics. The researchers took into account likely changes to the population, as well as expert views on potential future trends in the numbers of first-time strokes and survivors after stroke each year when calculating these latest projections. The team also estimated the benefits of investing more funds into stroke research.
Professor Anita Patel, who led the research, said: “Our findings suggest that more people are likely to survive stroke over the next 20 years, and by 2035 many hundreds of thousands of stroke survivors will be living with long-term disabilities.
“Increasing our investment into stroke research will help us turn the tide for people with a higher risk of stroke, allowing us to take steps to prevent the condition more widely. For example, we know that current treatments for high blood pressure do not work for everyone, and are not always used properly. More research could help us discover which medication and dosage works best for different people, ensuring we can help prevent more people from having a stroke. This is in turn would help to ease the pressure on the already overstretched NHS budgets.”
Graham Precey, head of corporate responsibility and ethics at Legal & General said: “Investing to improve the population’s health against the risk of stroke makes economic sense. We are faced with a growing burden of chronic disease that is not sustainable. We need to act now to help reduce the impact of disease and disability to create a healthier world. Research into preventing stroke needs to be prioritised if we want to change the story for stroke.”Stroke Association material Stroke Association report