Tuesday, 18 January, 2022
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Dietetics

Novel ketogenic dietary supplement well tolerated and reduced epileptic seizures – UK study

A novel dietary supplement, as part of a ketogenic diet, was linked with a statistically significant reduction in the number of seizures in severe...

Dietary cocoa ameliorates non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice

Cocoa supplementation can markedly reduce the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese mice, according to a Penn State study, who suggest...

AGA: New clinical practice guidelines on IGBs for weight loss

With obesity affecting 40% of the US population, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released new recommendations on the therapeutic role of intragastric balloons...

The diet dog fight: Keto vs Vegan in Nature Medicine

Although the endless, petty "tribalism and arguments" around diet are tiresome, a recent head-to-head study between low-carb and low-fat diets is worth serious discussion,...

Eating within 10-hour window may help stave off diabetes, heart disease

In a collaborative effort, researchers from the Salk Institute and the University of California – San Diego School of Medicine found that a 10-hour...

Vegetarians and vegans: Lower heart disease risk, higher risk of stroke

People who eat vegan and vegetarian diets have a lower risk of heart disease and a higher risk of stroke, a major UK study of 48,000...

Alternate day fasting could be a simpler way to diet

A randomised controlled trial study found that four weeks of strict alternate day fasting (ADF) improved markers of general health in healthy, middle-aged humans...

Healthy food more important than type of diet to cut heart disease risk

Everyone knows that achieving or maintaining a healthy body weight is one key to preventing cardiovascular disease. But even experts don't agree on the...

Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss

A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don't lose any weight, a US...

PREDICT is in search of the Holy Grail of personalised nutrition

PREDICT, a collaboration between King's College London, Harvard and Stanford  in the US – is a study to measure thousands of people’s responses to...

Eating ultra-processed food increases risk of weight gain

People eating ultra-processed foods ate more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet, according to results from a...

Middle-aged and severely obese increases mortality rate by 50%

People who are severely obese in middle age are 50% more likely to die early than those of a healthy weight, according to a...

Self-inflating capsule as alternative to intra-gastric balloon

A team from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the National University Health System (NUHS) has developed a self-inflating weight management capsule that...

Report on 'breakthrough' slimming pill — European Congress on Obesity

A "breakthrough" slimming pill that expands in the stomach was twice as successful as a placebo, according to research presented at the European Congress on Obesity....

60-year-old weight-loss drug now also shown safe to use in the long-term

An inexpensive weight-loss drug approved 60 years ago for only short-term use also may be safe and effective for longer-term treatment, according to a...

Exercise better than meds to reduce dangerous visceral fat

Exercise resulted in greater reduction in visceral adipose tissue (VAT) relative to weight loss than did pharmacological interventions, found a US meta-analysis. Researchers at University...

Fasting may boost metabolic activity, slow ageing

Fasting may help people lose weight, but a small new Japanese study suggests going without food may also boost human metabolic activity, generate antioxidants,...

A 'myopic focus on weight' drives the popularity of keto diet

This time last year, Google searches for the keto diet outranked those for paleo for the first time. Laura Thomas, registered nutritionist writes in...

Review assesses low-fat/high-carb and high-fat/low-carb diets

A strong> US research review agreed that no specific fat to carbohydrate ratio is best and that an overall high-quality diet that is low...

Being too fat or too thin 'can cost four years of life'

Being overweight or underweight, as measured by the Body Mass Index, could knock four years off life expectancy, a five-year UK population cohort study...

Many OTC diet supplements contain potentially harmful drugs

Potentially harmful pharmaceuticals not listed on product labels were found in more than 700 over-the-counter OTC) dietary supplements, researchers report. Reuters Health reports that...

Pilot study: Time-restricted feeding may reduce body fat

Modest changes to breakfast and dinner times can reduce body fat, a pilot study reports. During a 10-week study on 'time-restricted feeding' (a form...

More accurate method of estimating body fat developed

Cedars-Sinai investigators have developed a simpler and more accurate method of estimating body fat than the widely used body mass index, or BMI.  Called the...

Daily fasting helps control weight and lower BP

Daily fasting is an effective tool to reduce weight and lower blood pressure, according to a study published by University of Illinois at Chicago...

Benefits from at least two servings of cow's milk a day

Obese children who consume at least two servings of any type of cow's milk daily are more likely to have lower fasting insulin, indicating...

Vegetarian diet protects against obesity in middle-age

Eating a diet high in plant-based foods and low in animal-based foods may protect against obesity in middle aged and elderly populations, even if...

Type 1 diabetes glycaemic control improved by very low carb diet

Very-low-carbohydrate diets can improve blood sugar control in type 1 diabetes, with low rates of hypoglycaemia and other complications, according to an online patient...

Focus on weight management in young adulthood, not dieting

Early adulthood is particularly critical for putting on weight. According to a recent study conducted at the University of Helsinki, common factors among young...

Calorie restrictive diet may protect against age-related disease

Cutting caloric intake by 15% for two years slowed ageing and metabolism and protected against age-related disease in humans, found a small US study....

NHS scepticism over study claiming heart benefits of fasting diet

A University of Surrey study that compares the 5:2 fasting diet with a daily calorie restriction diet and concludes that fasting could have a...

'Critical differences' between Virta and Gardner studies — Noakes

A 'critical difference' between the Virta and Gardner studies was that the food intake of the subjects in the latter study was self reported,...

'End the vilification of the dietetic profession’ — dietician

Ingrid Schloss, a clinical dietitian, responds to Professor Tim Noakes's letter, Virta Health study vindicates Banting, and draws attention to 'a much larger, well powered...

Low-fat vs low carb? It doesn't matter for weight loss

There was no significant difference in weight change between a healthy low-fat diet vs a healthy low-carbohydrate diet, found a year-long Stanford University randomised...

The foodie fashion of a gluten-free diet is misplaced

Coeliac disease, an allergy to gluten that causes damage to the intestine, affects only 1% of the population but 11% of Australians follow a...

The pros and cons of intermittent fasting to lose weight

The obesity epidemic has spawned a cottage industry of weight-loss schemes. Currently in vogue is intermittent fasting, which involves alternating intervals of extreme calorie...

Long-term kidney damage a risk for those on high protein diets

High protein diets may lead to long-term kidney damage among those suffering from chronic kidney disease, according to research led by nephrologist Dr Kamyar...

Taking a break from dieting may improve weight loss

Greater weight and fat loss were achieved with intermittent energy reduction, the randomised controlled Matador Study trials at the University of Tasmania show. In the findings,...

Gut bacteria play decisive role in personal nutrition and obesity

Gut bacteria may play a decisive role in the weight regulation and weight loss, found a Danish study. "Human intestinal bacteria have been linked to...

Coffee consumption link with lower mortality risk

Higher coffee consumption is associated with a lower risk of death, according to a large observational study presented at ESC Congress. The observational study in...

High-protein risk for weight gain and heart disease

High-protein food diets — such as the Atkins Diet — actually increase the risk of putting on weight and even dying for people at high risk of heart disease, suggest Spanish study of 7,447 people. Although diets high in protein have become increasingly popular, there has been mixed evidence about their efficacy, and fears they could increase the risk of heart disease.