Wednesday, 10 August, 2022
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Dietetics

Sustained dietary change can add almost a decade to lifespan – Norwegian study

A sustained dietary change may give substantial health gains for people of all ages, adding up to 9 years to lifespan, a Norwegian modelling study...

Evidence review: Intermittent fasting for weight loss and lower cardiometabolic risk

A US meta-analysis of clinical trials shows moderate- to high-quality evidence that intermittent fasting delivers weight loss, as well as improving markers for heart...

Significant weight-loss with weekly injections of novel amylin agent — Phase 2 trial

Treatment with investigational long-acting amylin, cagrilintide, in people with overweight and obesity, but not diabetes, led to significant reductions in bodyweight and was well...

Fatty acid in palm oil linked to metastasis in mouth and skin cancers — Animal study

A fatty acid found in palm oil may promote metastasis in mouth and skin cancers, found a study in mice, published in Nature. “There is...

Novel ketogenic dietary supplement well tolerated and reduced epileptic seizures – UK study

A novel dietary supplement, as part of a ketogenic diet, was linked with a statistically significant reduction in the number of seizures in severe...

Herbal weight-loss supplement and green tea linked to severe liver damage

Dietary supplements containing Garcinia cambogia extract, alone or in conjunction with green tea may cause clinically similar severe liver injury, an analysis of the...

Novel ketogenic dietary supplement well tolerated and reduced epileptic seizures – UK study

A novel dietary supplement, as part of a ketogenic diet, was linked with a statistically significant reduction in the number of seizures in severe...

Dietary cocoa ameliorates non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in mice

Cocoa supplementation can markedly reduce the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in obese mice, according to a Penn State study, who suggest...

AGA: New clinical practice guidelines on IGBs for weight loss

With obesity affecting 40% of the US population, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has released new recommendations on the therapeutic role of intragastric balloons...

The diet dog fight: Keto vs Vegan in Nature Medicine

Although the endless, petty "tribalism and arguments" around diet are tiresome, a recent head-to-head study between low-carb and low-fat diets is worth serious discussion,...

Regulatory approval sought for 'gamechanger' obesity drug

More than a third (35%) of people who took a new drug for treating obesity lost more than one-fifth (≥20%) of their total body...

Low-fat, plant-based diet to low-carb, animal-based diet compared — NIH

People on a low-fat, plant-based diet ate fewer daily calories but had higher insulin and blood glucose levels, compared to when they ate a...

Low and very-low carb diets for type 2 diabetes remission – Systematic review

Patients with type 2 diabetes who follow a strict low carbohydrate diet (LCD) for six months may temporarily experience greater rates of remission compared...

More years of obesity means higher risk of cardiometabolic disease

A greater obesity duration is associated with worse values for all cardiometabolic disease factors, according to a study from Loughborough University, UK. People with obesity...

Almost three-quarters of US adults overweight or obese — up by half since 2000

Official data indicate that around 42% of US adults aged 20 are obese — including 9% with severe obesity — and another 31% are...

Older age no barrier to lifestyle management of obesity

Obese patients over the age of 60 can lose an equivalent amount of weight as younger people using only lifestyle changes, according to a...

Time restricted eating did not impact weight among overweight adults

Time-restricted eating, which restricts eating to specific hours of the day, did not impact weight among overweight adults with prediabetes or diabetes, according to...

Healthy diet may modify link between obesity and CVD mortality — 21-year study

A healthy quality Mediterranean-like diet partially modifies the association between obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, according to a study from Uppsala University, Sweden. Higher body...

Excess belly fat linked to higher risk of early death regardless of total body fat

Central fatness (excess fat stored around the abdomen) is associated with a higher risk of early death from any cause, regardless of overall body...

Compounds in coffee linked to lower body fat in women

Researchers examined data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, organised by the US Centre for Disease Control (CDC) and looked at the...

Reduced obesity for wearers of weighted vests — small Swedish clinical trial

Scientists from the University of Gothenburg found a new method of reducing human body weight and fat mass using weighted vests in a small...

Most popular diets deliver weight loss and lower BP, but benefits last only a year

Most diets lead to modest weight loss and lower blood pressure, but effects largely disappear after a year, while the differences between popular diet...

Insufficient evidence backing herbal medicines for weight loss

There is currently insufficient evidence to recommend any of the herbal medicines examined in an Australian systematic review and meta-analysis. Researchers at the University of...

Lower protein diet may lessen risk for cardiovascular disease

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. A subcategory, called sulphur amino acids, including methionine and cysteine, play various roles in metabolism and...

Mediterranean, fasting & Paleo diets go head-to-head Down Under

A New Zealand study put the popular Intermittent Fasting, Mediterranean and Paleo diets to a comparative test over a year in a "real world"...

Noakes responds to Leaf assessment of dietary study

Tim Noakes responds to last week's assessment by Alex Leaf of his dietary study as 'important', while accusing him of being 'disingenuous' in his...

Diabetes/nutrition trial important but Noakes' statement 'disingenuous'

To the Editor Dr Tim Noakes’ recent study is an important contribution to the scientific literature, as one of the primary issues with any diet...

Noakes study finds that T2D may be reversible through LCHF 'lifestyle'

A small University of Cape Town observational study, led by Dr Tim Noakes, found that "type 2 diabetes (T2D) is reversible by restricting ...

Intermittent fasting may help people live longer

Evidence is accumulating that eating in a 6-hour period and fasting for 18 hours can trigger a metabolic switch from glucose-based to ketone-based energy,...

Eating within 10-hour window may help stave off diabetes, heart disease

In a collaborative effort, researchers from the Salk Institute and the University of California – San Diego School of Medicine found that a 10-hour...

Vegetarians and vegans: Lower heart disease risk, higher risk of stroke

People who eat vegan and vegetarian diets have a lower risk of heart disease and a higher risk of stroke, a major UK study of 48,000...

Alternate day fasting could be a simpler way to diet

A randomised controlled trial study found that four weeks of strict alternate day fasting (ADF) improved markers of general health in healthy, middle-aged humans...

Healthy food more important than type of diet to cut heart disease risk

Everyone knows that achieving or maintaining a healthy body weight is one key to preventing cardiovascular disease. But even experts don't agree on the...

Low-carb diet may reduce diabetes risk independent of weight loss

A low-carb diet may have benefits for people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes even if they don't lose any weight, a US...

PREDICT is in search of the Holy Grail of personalised nutrition

PREDICT, a collaboration between King's College London, Harvard and Stanford  in the US – is a study to measure thousands of people’s responses to...

Eating ultra-processed food increases risk of weight gain

People eating ultra-processed foods ate more calories and gained more weight than when they ate a minimally processed diet, according to results from a...

Middle-aged and severely obese increases mortality rate by 50%

People who are severely obese in middle age are 50% more likely to die early than those of a healthy weight, according to a...

Self-inflating capsule as alternative to intra-gastric balloon

A team from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and the National University Health System (NUHS) has developed a self-inflating weight management capsule that...

Report on 'breakthrough' slimming pill — European Congress on Obesity

A "breakthrough" slimming pill that expands in the stomach was twice as successful as a placebo, according to research presented at the European Congress on Obesity....

60-year-old weight-loss drug now also shown safe to use in the long-term

An inexpensive weight-loss drug approved 60 years ago for only short-term use also may be safe and effective for longer-term treatment, according to a...