Sunday, 14 April, 2024
HomeEditor's PickJuvenile arthritis increases with age, says CDC 

Juvenile arthritis increases with age, says CDC 

A report from the US Centres for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) shows that around 220 000 under-18s in America have been diagnosed with arthritis, and that it’s twice as prevalent among black children.

The finding is based on analysis of 2017 to 2021 data from the Census Bureau’s National Survey of Children’s Health. Details came from the parents of 173 406 youths, with responses weighted to reflect a nationally representative sample, reports The Washington Post.

The pain and stiffness of arthritis stems from inflammation in one or more joints. Although it can affect any joint, juvenile arthritis most often affects the knees, hands and feet.

Medical experts say this can result from the immune system mistakenly attacking tissue in the joints.

The exact cause of arthritis in young people is often undetermined. But the Arthritis Foundation says no evidence exists that foods, toxins, allergies or lack of vitamins cause juvenile arthritis.

The CDC report also found that the prevalence of arthritis among children and adolescents increased with age and that those with arthritis were more likely to also be overweight or have anxiety, depression or a heart condition than were youths who did not have arthritis.

Treatment for juvenile arthritis may be twofold: medications to combat inflammation and treat stiffness and pain, along with physical therapy to improve movement, endurance and muscle strength.

In a similar report focusing on adults and based on data from 2019 to 2021, the CDC found that more than 21% of US adults – about 53m people, more women than men – have been diagnosed with some form of arthritis, with the toll rising to roughly half of those 65 and older with another chronic disease.

 

CDC article – Arthritis Among Children and Adolescents Aged <18 Years United States, 2017–2021 (Open access)

 

The Washington Post article – An estimated 220,000 U.S. kids under 18 diagnosed with arthritis (Restricted access)

 

See more from MedicalBrief archives:

 

Paediatric antibiotics linked to autism, asthma and others – Swiss meta-analysis

 

Why knee joint injury leads to osteoarthritis

 

No link between physical activity and knee osteoarthritis — Meta-analysis

 

Common joint pain injections may worsen arthritis – US studies

 

 

 

 

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