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'London Patient' steps out of the shadows

A year after the “London Patient” was introduced to the world as only the second person to be cured of HIV, The New York...

Group psychotherapy can dramatically improve depression in HIV+ people

Group support psychological therapy led by lay health workers is effective at alleviating symptoms of major depression among HIV-positive adults, according to research conducted...

Same day viral load testing linked to significant improvements in HIV treatment

A South African trial by researchers at the department of global health, University of Washington in Seattle finds 90% of people receiving rapid viral...

Partner reactions to HIV self-tests: NY and Puerto Rico study

Is using HIV self-tests with sexual partners an appropriate strategy that should be encouraged by health bodies? Could it help people who are already...

New Zealand needle exchange programmes keeps HIV rates low

Sustained, extremely low levels of HIV transmission among people who inject drugs, including gay and bisexual men, reflect the success of needle-exchange programmes and...

African hospitals report high death rate in HIV-associated meningitis

An evidence review has found that approximately half of hospital patients with cryptococcal, tuberculosis or pneumococcal meningitis died within two weeks or during hospitalisation....

Important to understand the pathogenesis of weight gain after ART

Dr Karam Mounzer, the chief medical officer of Philadelphia FIGHT, and the medical director of the Jonathan Lax Treatment Centre (the largest, community-based Philadelphia...

Two men, two losses, two eras

The loss of any loved one is painful and the loss of a spouse is profound. How it is endured depends also on the...

Some HIV drug resistance in PrEP users

A case note review from 56 Dean Street, the largest HIV and STI clinic in Europe, has found that former PrEP users who get...

7 graphs that tell SA's HIV story

Over the last decade there have been significant decreases in the rates of new HIV infections, HIV-related deaths, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) in South...

Breastfeeding and vaccination helps babies born to HIV-positive mothers stay healthy

A South African study has found that, in general, babies born to HIV-positive mothers who are on antiretroviral therapy do not have worse health...

Questions over PrEP safety during pregnancy should not prevent treatment

Unanswered questions about the safety of taking PrEP during pregnancy and breastfeeding should not be allowed to stand in the way of access to...

Malawi/SA Study highlights need for better management of TB and HIV co-infection

A study from South Africa and Malawi highlights the urgent need for better management of people with TB and HIV co-infection, reports Aidsmap. It...

Unexplained low bone mineral density in HIV patients

The risk of fragility fractures is increased among people living with HIV, according to research. Aidsmap reports that this increased risk couldn’t entirely be...

SA steps up efforts to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV

South Africa’s prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme has achieved remarkable successes in recent years, Ute Feucht, associate professor in paediatrics and Jeannette Wessels researcher,...

Dangers of unclear messaging on medical male circumcision

In March 2007, international experts endorsed voluntary medical male circumcision as a partial but effective way to reduce the risk of HIV infection in...

Current approaches to testing may inadvertently drive away men — small SA study

In South Africa, men experience worse HIV-related outcomes than women. It is estimated that 78% of men living with HIV know that they are...

A strategy for the millions of HIV-exposed but uninfected children

In 2018, 90% of the almost 15m children worldwide who were HIV-exposed and uninfected were from sub-Saharan Africa. Strikingly, half come just five African...

Study sheds light on HIV raising risk of sudden cardiac death

The success of antiretroviral therapies has extended the lives of people living with HIV, long enough for other chronic health conditions to emerge, including...

Services must be strengthened to encourage PrEP users

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) – taking antiretroviral drugs to protect people from acquiring HIV infection – is revolutionising the prevention of HIV around the world....

Prevalence of neural tube defects in HIV-exposed pregnancies

The prevalence of neural tube defects (NTDs) is 7.0 per 10,000 live births in HIV-exposed pregnancies, which is similar to the prevalence in the...

PEP a feasible HIV prevention strategy

Providing a prescription of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) in advance of potential exposures to HIV may be a feasible HIV prevention strategy for individuals who...

A third of sexually transmitted HIV infections in 2016 linked to herpes

Evidence suggests there is a strong biological association between HIV and the sexually transmitted infection (STI) herpes. In 2017, an evidence review found the...

Studies find new HIV incidence falling in some SA communities

Two separate studies from KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa have been published in the last two months, both showing falls in new HIV infections in...

Anglo American's extraordinary success in combating HIV/Aids

Mining giant Anglo American has done what much of the country, NGOs and the government cannot – persuade men to test for HIV and...

HIV self-test boosts testing awareness among MSM

Distribution of free HIV self-tests via the internet can increase testing for the disease by men who have sex with men (MSM) and boost...

Depression puts SA girls at higher risk of contracting HIV

Teen girls in South Africa face an extraordinary threat of HIV: By the time they reach adulthood, one in four South African girls will...

Tenofovir does not increase risk of kidney disease in those at low risk

Antiretroviral treatment containing the older formulation of tenofovir (TDF) did not increase the risk of chronic kidney disease in previously untreated people with HIV...

Options for two-drug simplification expand but note of caution sounded

Further evidence on the efficacy of two-drug antiretroviral regimens as simplification options for people with suppressed viral load on three-drug regimens was presented last...

96-week results of DISCOVER PrEP trial

The 96-week results of the DISCOVER trial, which compared the efficacy and safety of two different formulations of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir when used...

Dolutegravir and raltegravir cause changes to fat cells

The integrase inhibitors dolutegravir (Tivicay, also in Triumeq and Dovato) and raltegravir (Isentress) cause changes in the structure of fat cells that may promote...

Weight gain after switching to integrase inhibitor treatment is small in Dutch and Swiss cohorts

People with suppressed viral load who switched to an integrase inhibitor-based regimen experienced only small gains in weight and do not appear to gain...

Weight gain after starting ARVs linked to specific drugs

Weight gain after starting antiretroviral treatment probably has multiple causes but appears strongly linked to specific drugs, and to combinations of drugs, Dr Andrew...

Syringe exchange programmes prevented thousands of new HIV cases

Syringe exchange programmes established in Philadelphia and Baltimore prevented a total of 12,483 new cases of HIV over a 10-year period, according to a...

Hair study strengthens link between food insecurity, ART non-adherence

Among women living with HIV, study findings showed that food insecurity was associated with lower antiretroviral treatment (ART) concentrations in hair, suggesting that it...

Telemedicine useful for HIV treatment

Telemedicine, which involves consultation of patients by doctors remotely, is being used in many parts of India. A study has shown that it can...

Routine screening cuts incidence of anal cancer among people living with HIV

A routine anal screening programme for people living with HIV was associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of anal cancer, investigators from...

Ending HIV will require optimising treatment prevention tools – NIH experts

Optimal implementation of existing HIV prevention and treatment tools and continued development of new interventions are essential to ending the HIV pandemic, US National...

Weight gain while on ART: Demographic, HIV and treatment-related factors

People with HIV are living longer thanks to modern antiretroviral therapy (ART); however, studies have noted that initiating these treatment regimens can lead to...

A decade of HIV treatment has failed most high-risk young women

A review of HIV incidence among young people in east and southern Africa since antiretroviral treatment (ART) roll-out reveals failures to reach the highest-risk...