Monday, 17 January, 2022
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Psychiatry

New research propels psychedelics into the mainstream

Psychiatry is on the brink of taking psychedelic drugs mainstream, writes The New York Times. Researchers and corporates stand poised to get involved, but...

In the long run, drugs and talk therapy hold same value for depression patients

Spending an hour in talk therapy with a trained counsellor costs much more, and takes more time, than swallowing an inexpensive antidepressant pill. But...

Anti-inflammatories effective and safe with major depression

Anti-inflammatory medicines were better than placebo and also enhanced the effects of standard antidepressant treatment, to safely curb the symptoms of major depression,...

Medical cannabis not proven in mental health — research review

Evidence is weak for whether medicinal cannabis treatments can relieve mental illnesses such as anxiety, depression and psychosis, and doctors should prescribe them with...

Shrines where the chained and padlocked mentally ill are 'cured'

The age-old practice of chaining the mentally ill to trees, to release them as "cured" after 40 days, persist in much of Afghanistan and...

Deep brain stimulation effective with treatment-resistant depression over long term

A study has found that deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subcallosal cingulate (SCC) area provides a robust antidepressant effect that is sustained for...

The sums on mental health care in SA are 'not pretty'

Fewer than 1 in 10 people living with a mental health condition in South Africa receive the care they need and there are...

Political events like Brexit can trigger psychosis

Political events can take a serious toll on mental health, a doctor has warned, after treating a man with a brief episode of acute...

Antidepressants may reduce anxiety more than depressive symptoms

One of the most common antidepressants, sertraline, leads to an early reduction in anxiety symptoms, several weeks before any improvement in depressive symptoms, the...

Cheap, easily available dietary supplement may help with schizophrenia

A “freely available and relatively cheap” dietary supplement, sarcosine, may help with schizophrenia as part of a holistic approach complementing antipsychotic medication, according to...

Autism so over-diagnosed that term is becoming meaningless — study

Autism is now so over-diagnosed, following the progressively lowering over 50 years of the diagnostic bar, that by 2029 there will be no objective...

High levels of oestrogen in the womb linked to autism

Scientist have identified a link between exposure to high levels of oestrogen sex hormones in the womb and the likelihood of developing autism. The...

Ecstasy shows promise as post-traumatic stress treatment

An international study involving researchers from University of British Columbia Okanagan Campus has shown that MDMA, also known as ecstasy, may be a valuable...

Physical exercise: A ‘fundamental’ psychiatric intervention

When it comes to inpatient treatment of a range of mental health and mood disorders – from anxiety and depression to schizophrenia, suicidality and...

Consider non-surgical brain stimulation for major depression — trials review

Non-surgical brain stimulation techniques, such as electro-convulsive therapy and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, should be considered as alternative or add-on treatments for adults with...

Clear link between anxiety and depression in 20s to memory loss in 50s

A large longitudinal study carried out by the University of Sussex found a clear link between episodes of depression and anxiety experienced by adults...

OCD symptoms reduced by targeted deep brain stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) at two areas of the brain significantly reduced OCD symptoms, with significantly improved cognitive flexibility from one area and a greater...

Nutritional supplements won't stave off depression

A daily intake of nutritional supplements was no more effective than placebo at stave off the onset of depression, the international MoodFood trial has...

Origins of depression are the focus of huge gene study

Scientists have pinpointed 269 genes linked to the development of depression, found an ongoing international meta-analysis drawing on data involving more than 2m people. Hundreds of...

Psychotherapist talks about suppression of his ‘politically incorrect' research

Psychotherapist James Caspian attempted to undertake a research project into ‘detransitioning’, where those who have transitioned to another gender come to regret their decision...

Chemical Slavery: Understanding addiction and stopping the drug epidemic

As the United States continues to wrestle with the heroin and opioid epidemic, no one in the country is probably more qualified to write about...

Reimagining addiction

Ill-informed opinion, rather than evidence, and an often misguided sense of what is moral shape attitudes to addiction and its treatment. In this fake...

Sex addiction may affect 10% of men, survey finds

Is sex addiction real? Researchers say it may be, or at least something close to it, and might be more common than anyone thought, writes...

UK study finds increased mental health problems facing the young

A fifth of girls aged 17-19 and one in 10 boys the same age have self-harmed or tried to kill themselves, The Guardian reports...

Controlling sexual urges may be a greater problem than realised

The number of people in the US who have difficulty controlling sexual feelings and urges may be greater than realised, researchers say. The study...

Ketamine clinic boom in US triggers concerns over 'quick buck' training

As ketamine clinics pop up across the US to offer experimental infusions for depression, anxiety, and a slew of other conditions, training programmes to...

Researchers give official Life Esidimeni death toll

A study has determined the official death toll of the Life Esidimeni scandal is 131. The mortality rate among 1,442 mentally ill patients transferred...

Four elite SA athletes share their stories on depression

It seems like such a glamorous life. Travelling the world and representing your country, all global events and plush hotels. Elite athletes must have...

Addiction experts call for more research on long-term addiction recovery

September is addiction recovery month in America, and in the midst of the current opioid epidemic, it is an apt moment for leading addiction...

Neural-network model can accurately predict depression

To diagnose depression, clinicians interview patients, asking specific questions – about say, past mental illnesses, lifestyle, and mood – and identify the condition based...

Tower Hospital: The evidence contradicts Health Ombud's conclusions

Despite an emphatic assurance by SA's Health Ombudsman that ‘no prima facie evidence of institutionalised systematic or deliberate violations of human rights by staff was...

Trial shows cannabis extract helps reset brain function in psychosis

Research from King’s College London has found that a single dose of the cannabis extract cannabidiol can help reduce brain function abnormalities seen in...

Mass hysteria blew simple complaint into a national issue – Health Ombud

Findings by Health Ombudsman Professor Malegapuru Makgoba that whistleblower claims of unacceptable practices at the Tower Psychiatric Hospital in the Eastern Cape were unfounded...

PCOS increases risk of having an autistic child

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are more likely than other women to have an autistic child, according to an analysis of NHS data...

Burnout – a forerunner to depression – starts at medical school

A University of Free State study indicates that symptoms of mental wellness issues, such as burnout – which can be a forerunner to clinical...

Crippling mental health problems common in those sexually assaulted

Four out of five teenage girls who have been sexually assaulted suffer from crippling mental health problems months after their attack, found a University...

Early to bed and early to rise linked to less depression risk

Middle-to-older aged women who are naturally early to bed and early to rise are significantly less likely to develop depression, according to a large...

No cannabis link with suicidal behaviour in those with psychiatric disorders

McMaster University researchers have found there is no significant association between cannabis use and suicidal behaviour in people with psychiatric disorders. The study findings...

Is it abuse when a parent ignores a child's depression?

A barrier to the treatment of adolescent depression that is rarely addressed is when parents ignore obvious signs of depression, writes Professor Michael Shapiro...

One psychiatrist's battle against institutionalised wrongdoing

Dr Kiran Sukeri, formerly employed at the Tower Psychiatric Hospital in the Eastern Cape, has been smeared and harrassed for blowing the whistle on...