Tuesday, 9 August, 2022
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Gerontology

Diluted blood rejuvenates tissue and reverses signs of ageing — animal study

A US study found that age-reversing effects found that the rejuvenating effect of “young” blood on old mice can be achieved by simply diluting...

Mortality risk increases in older patients with low BP

A large-scale study led by the University of Exeter and funded by NIHR, analysed 415,980 electronic medical records of older adults in England. The...

Widowhood accelerates cognitive decline in those at risk for Alzheimer's disease

The death of a spouse often means the loss of intimacy, companionship and everyday support for older adults. A study finds that widowhood can...

Deal me in — playing games can protect cognitive skills in old age

People who play non-digital games – such as cards, crosswords and board games – are more likely to stay mentally sharp in later life,...

Rethinking old age: 70 is the new 65, says UK Office of National Statistics

It may be time to rethink how we measure and define old age in the UK because more people are surviving into their late...

Slow walkers at age 45 have older brains and bodies

The walking speed of 45-year-olds, particularly their fastest walking speed without running, can be used as a marker of their ageing brains and bodies,...

Age as a litmus test for choosing the next US president

With three Democrats in their 70s vying to challenge the 73-year old Donal Trump, the oldest first-term president in US history, age’s importance will...

Losing hearing in middle age may increase dementia risk

Hearing loss in middle age is associated with higher odds of cognitive decline and dementia in later years, Reuters Health reports a large study...

Daily 'tickling' of the vagus nerve may improve mood and sleep

Scientists found that a short daily therapy, stimulating the vagus nerve with an electrical current, delivered for two weeks led to both physiological and...

Master athletes demonstrate what is physically possible in later life

A growing band of of "master athletes" demonstrate that "we often confuse the effects of inactivity with the ageing process itself", write Stephen Harridge and Norman...

Poor sense of smell in older adults linked to 50% increased mortality risk

A new Michigan State University study suggests that older adults with poor sense of smell may see an almost 50% increase in their risk...

Hypertension linked to regular sleeping pill use in older people

Older adults with hypertension followed from 2008-2010 through 2012-2013, using sleeping pills on a regular basis was linked with use of an increasing number...

Human mortality 'plateau' more likely statistical error than hint of immortality

Human error, not human biology, largely accounts for the apparent decline of mortality among the very old, according to a report by Saul Newman...

Sleep disturbances increase risk of falls in the elderly

Disturbances during sleep decreases capability to control posture and balance according to researchers from the department of engineering and Warwick Medical School at the...

Half of older patients exposed to potentially inappropriate prescribing

Around half of older patients are exposed to potentially inappropriate prescribing, each year, and hospitalisation is independently associated with an increased risk, finds a...

Back pain associated with 24% increased mortality in older women

Researchers at Boston Medical Centre found that frequent, persistent back pain is associated with earlier death in a study of more than 8,000 older...

Lacking resilience makes men more vulnerable to depression

Men who lack resilience are exponentially more vulnerable to becoming severely depressed after their spouse dies, according to a study from Florida State University...

Increased happiness links to reduced mortality in older people

Happy older people live longer, according to researchers at Duke-NUS Medical School in Singapore. The authors of the study found that an increase in...

You can reach 110 – if you survive the perilous 90s

The chances of reaching the ripe old age of 110 are within reach – a you survive the perilous 90s and make it to...

Chronic inflammation in middle age linked to increased frailty when older

A study, led by Johns Hopkins Medicine investigators, of nearly 6,000 Americans followed for 24 years from middle to late adulthood found that having...

Neglect widespread in English care homes

The largest-ever survey of care home staff in England, led by University College London (UCL) researchers, has found that neglectful behaviours are widespread. For...

'Fateful Life Events' affect ageing and mortality risk

A sudden substantial financial loss in middle-age or older people, is associated with an up to 50% higher risk of death, found a US...

'Boomerang generation' reduces parents' quality of life

Adult children who return to live with their parents, the so-called “boomerang generation”, cause a significant decline in parents' quality of life and well-being,...

Discovering why the 'super-agers' live long and well

'Super-agers' have long puzzled scientists, but now researchers say they are unpicking why some people live beyond 80 – and still appear to be...

Heavy drinking and smoking linked to visible ageing

Heavy drinking and smoking are linked to four visible signs of physical ageing, and looking older than one's years, found a long-term Danish observational...

Mushrooms producing high amounts of antioxidants

Mushrooms may contain unusually high amounts of two antioxidants that some scientists suggest could help fight ageing and bolster health, according to a team...

Healthy gut is a biomarker for healthy ageing

In one of the largest microbiota studies conducted in humans, researchers at Western University, Lawson Health Research Institute and Tianyi Health Science Institute in...

Reaction time variation may be a marker of mortality in old age

An individual's variation in reaction times, when completing a single cognitive task across several trials, has been identified in an Australian study as an...

Regular exercise significantly boosts brain power in the over 50s

A combination of aerobic and resistance exercises can significantly boost the brain power of the over 50s, finds the most comprehensive review of the...

Weak grip a strong predictor of metabolic disease and disability

A simple test to determine a person's grip strength is a robust predictor of developing metabolic disorders in middle or older age, a cross-continental...

Poor smell linked to increased risk of dying

In a Swedish study of adults aged 40 to 90 years who were followed for 10 years, poor smell was linked with an increased...

Assessing effect of exercise and supplements on muscle mass and function

Physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in healthy subjects aged 60 and older but the interactive effect of...

People who care for others live longer

Older people who help and support others live longer, found a multinational study. And grandparents who care for their grandchildren on average live longer than...

Drug tx to prevent hip fractures not viable

Drug treatment to prevent hip fracture is neither viable nor cost effective, with current strategy inefficient and associated with considerable harms, an international team of researchers found.

Testosterone's role in prostate enlargement

The factors that contribute to prostate enlargement have yet to be definitively identified, but a University of California anthropological study suggests that the overabundance of testosterone may be a prime culprit.

Physical activity slashes mortality risk in elderly men

Half an hour of physical activity for six days a week linked to 40% lower risk of death in elderly men and the impact on health is as good as giving up smoking, suggests a large 12-year Norwegian study. Men who regularly engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity during their leisure time lived five years longer, on average, than those classified as sedentary.

Diet in preventing late-life muscle loss

Although some studies find diet can enhance the effects of exercise to prevent muscle loss in later life, current evidence about what works is inconsistent.

Healthy eating stalls elderly's cognitive decline

Older people who eat healthily may be less likely to experience declines in thinking and memory over time, according to an international study.

Frailty is better risk indicator than age

Frailty among older people with cardiovascular disease appears to be more predictive than age for gauging their risk of heart attack, stroke and death, according to an international study.

50-year Swedish study's clues to longevity

A 50-year Swedish study into longevity recommends that those who 'aspire to centenarianism refrain from smoking, maintain healthy cholesterol levels and confine themselves to four cups of coffee a day'.