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Endocrinology

Undiagnosed diabetes added to Covid death toll

A recent study found that patients with undiagnosed diabetes represented 21.1% of all Covid-19 hospitalisations and 30.5% of all Covid-19 deaths across eight low-...

Global study finds new genetic risk factors for type 2 diabetes

The risk factors for type 2 diabetes are both environmental and genetic, and while researchers have identified many genetic risk factors thus far, the...

Health concerns as girls reach puberty earlier than ever

For no clear reason any experts appear able to confirm, girls are starting to develop breasts as early as six or seven, with researchers...

Weight regained after tirzepatide discontinued – US study

The current class of anti-obesity drugs is proving remarkably effective at removing excess kilos – but a phase three randomised clinical trial found that...

Daily change in pace cuts diabetes risk: global study

Walking faster could lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a recent worldwide analysis and the first global study of its kind, which...

Passing on salt risks iodine deficiency, say experts

Although there are plenty of good reasons to bypass the salt shaker – too much sodium increasing the risks of high blood pressure, heart...

Could cellphone use be responsible for declining sperm quality?

Scientists are probing whether electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phones affects semen quality in a research project launched this year, after a study associated...

Air pollution linked to diabetes in landmark Indian study

A seven-year study of 12 000 residents of Delhi and Chennai – the first of its kind in the country – has found links between...

Red meat eaters have higher type 2 diabetes risk – US study

People who regularly eat red meat may have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes later in life, suggest scientists, who after analysing data...

Early-onset diabetes tied to shortened lifespan

Recent research has suggested that the lifespan of people diagnosed with type 2 diabetes by the age of 30 is 14 years less than...

At least 60% of Africa's diabetes goes undiagnosed – global report

The largest survey of its type to date has revealed that at least 40% of all people living with diabetes globally go undiagnosed, most...

Tirzepatide beats semaglutide in glucose control, weight loss

A meta-analysis of 22 randomised controlled trials – with data from nearly 19 000 patients – across Medline and the Cochrane Library, has suggested...

‘Night owls’ at higher risk for diabetes than ‘early birds’ – US analysis

People who go to bed late and wake up late have more chance of developing diabetes than those who are “early to bed and...

The mystery behind new obesity drugs

The new weight loss drugs taking the world by storm are game changers, say experts, and while they are proving hugely successful, no one...

Turmeric could benefit diabetes patients – Thai review

A recent and comprehensive review has suggested that turmeric supplementation can play a positive role in reducing glycaemic levels and other metabolic parameters in...

Nine-year US study gives clue to predicting who gets diabetes

A team of scientists has taken an important step forward in predicting, in children, who will develop type 1 diabetes months before symptoms appear. Researchers...

More than 1.3bn people will have diabetes by 2050, study predicts

The number of adults with diabetes worldwide will more than double by 2050, according to research that blames rapidly rising obesity levels and widening...

New study dispels testosterone supplement link to heart attacks

Researchers have determined that testosterone supplementation in men with low levels of the hormone does not increase the risk of heart attacks, easing concerns...

Half of obese teens on Wegovy return to normal weight – STEP TEENS trial

In what researchers describe as unprecedented, the drug Wegovy (semaglutide) reduced the weight of nearly 50% of teenagers “to a level below what is...

Diabetes screening should be by age, not weight – US study

A recent study found that millions of diabetes cases are possibly being missed under the current US screening guidelines, especially among Asian Americans, with...

Vitamin D slashes diabetes risk in prediabetes cases – US meta-analysis

A meta-anaylsis of three trials has found that in adults with prediabetes, vitamin D helped decrease the risk of developing diabetes by a statistically significant 15%...

Being married may help stave off type 2 diabetes, study finds

Recent research has showed that being married or living together might prevent type 2 diabetes and help keep sugar levels under control, regardless of...

UK study finds higher cancer death risk with type 2 diabetes

People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to die from some cancers compared with the general population, according to a recent study, which...

Ten-minute scan detects common cause of high BP – UK study

A new non-invasive type of CT scan has been shown to light up tiny nodules in a hormone gland and cure high blood pressure...

US approves new drug to delay onset of diabetes in children

A new kind of therapy that could delay the start of type 1 diabetes in children by up to three years – thought to...

Artificial ‘light at night’ exposure raises diabetes risk – Chinese study

A recent study found that outdoor artificial light at night (LAN) was associated with impaired blood glucose control and an increased risk of diabetes,...

Undiagnosed diabetes cases highest in Gauteng – SA analysis

The growing burden of diabetes has long been under the radar in developing countries such as South Africa, which in recent years, has seen...

Weight loss jab slices type 2 diabetes risk by 60% in obese people

Semaglutide can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes for overweight or obese people by a notable 60%, underscoring the tight link between...

Worldwide type 1 diabetes cases expected to double by 2040 – Australian study

The number of people living with type 1 diabetes worldwide is expected to double by 2040, with most new cases among adults living in...

Keto vs Mediterranean diet and diabetes – Stanford randomised trial

Both the ketogenic and Mediterranean diets successfully cut blood sugar levels in patients with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes, according to a small randomised...

Whey protein helps control blood sugar – Newcastle University study

Drinking a small amount of whey protein before meals has been shown to help people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugars. In a...

Lifestyle changes effective in high-risk pre-diabetes

Intensive lifestyle intervention with plenty of exercise helps people with pre-diabetes improve their blood glucose levels over a period of years and thus delay...

American Diabetes Association updates its Standards of Medical Care for 2022

The American Diabetes Association updated its Standards of Medical Care supplement in December, to provide clinicians, researchers, policy makers, and other interested individuals with the...

Statin therapy associated with diabetes progression — US cohort study

Statin use has been associated with increased likelihood of diabetes progression, according to a matched cohort analysis of data from the US Department of...

Achieving type 2 diabetes remission outside of trials and without bariatric surgery

One in every 20 people in Scotland diagnosed with type 2 diabetes achieves remission from the disease, suggesting people are achieving remission outside research...

Proposed paradigm shift in type 2 diabetes treatment to focus on weight loss

In a review article in The Lancet and presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes conference, researchers unpack the evidence supporting...

Oxygen releasing hydrogel shows promise for diabetic wounds

A newly developed hydrogel delivers oxygen to diabetic-type wounds, decreasing inflammation, helping remodelling tissue and accelerating healing, found a US animal study in Science...

Continuous glucose monitoring improves glycaemic control versus finger-prick

Continuous glucose monitoring substantially improves blood sugars levels and decreasing the risks of hypoglycaemia compared with the usual finger-prick, found a US study. 15-centre study...

Fruit but not fruit juice to lower type 2 diabetes risk — AusDiab study

People who consume two servings of fruit per day have 36% lower odds of developing type 2 diabetes than those who consume less than...

Stringent diet puts diabetes into remission and cuts need for BP medication

Achieving and maintaining substantial weight loss allowed 8 out of 10 people remission from type 2 diabetes, as well as lowering blood pressure and...