Wednesday, 17 August, 2022
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Epidemiology

Drug meant for Ebola may also work against coronaviruses

A group of University of Alberta researchers who have discovered why the drug remdesivir is effective in treating the coronaviruses that cause Middle East...

Improved handwashing at airports could slow spread of viral diseases by 70%

Improving the rate of handwashing at just 10 major airports could significantly slow the spread of a viral disease, researchers estimate, The findings, which...

SA's listeriosis outbreak fuelled by HIV and lack of awareness

The listeriosis outbreak that killed more than 200 people in South Africa between 2017 and 2018 was fuelled by HIV and a lack of...

Quantifying the intensity of the coronavirus outbreak and its pandemic potential

A number of groups have estimated R0 for the new coronavirus, meaning that it will die out. But scientists from the Chinese Academy of...

Chinese research that coronavirus passed from pangolins questioned

Independent scientists have questioned research that suggested that the outbreak of coronavirus disease spreading from China might have passed from bats to humans through...

Virus hunters of Sierra Leone pursue the next deadly coronavirus

A team of medical scientists in Sierra Leon, part of the Predict international network, is in search of a holy grail to virus hunters:...

Three-pronged approach could eliminate cervical cancer within 100 years

More than 74m cervical cancer cases and 62m deaths could be averted in the next 100 years if 78 of the world’s poorest countries...

Sepsis associated with 1 in 5 deaths globally, double previous estimate

Twice as many people as previously believed are dying of sepsis worldwide, according to an analysis, published in The Lancet. Among them are a...

5 healthy habits at middle age may mean up to 9 extra years free of chronic disease

Maintaining five healthy habits – eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, keeping a healthy body weight, not drinking too much alcohol, and not smoking...

Wealth adds 8-9 healthy years to life expectancy

The wealthiest men and women can expect to live an additional eight to nine years free from disability compared to people in the poorest...

Curb chronic inflammation to reduce risk of chronic disease mortality

The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Centre...

US expands HPV vaccine recommendations

In new human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine developments, a US federal advisory group has expanded recommendations to include men through age 26 and some older...

Appendix removal associated with development of Parkinson’s disease

Patients who had their appendix removed were more likely to develop Parkinson's disease than those whose appendix remained in place, according to the largest...

Africans living longer but spend those extra years in poor health

People are now living longer in sub-Saharan Africa than they did two decades ago, writes Charles Shey Wiysonge, director, Cochrane South Africa, in The Conversation. However,...

Social isolation linked to higher risk of death from all causes

A large American Cancer Society study links social isolation with a higher risk of death from all causes combined and heart disease for all...

High BP and smoking have more heart attack risk for women

High blood pressure, smoking and diabetes increase the risk of heart attack in both sexes but they have more impact in women than they...

BMI strongly associated with all-cause mortality

Body Mass Index (BMI), a measure of body fat, is linked to risk of death from every major cause except transport accidents, according to...

Half of US teens still not fully vaccinated against HPV

Although a vaccine for the cancer-causing human papillomavirus (HPV) has led to a dramatic decrease in infections, Reuters Health reports a new study suggests...

Developing nations have higher mortality risk from NCDs

An analysis from researchers at Imperial College London shows that diseases such as cancer, heart disease and stroke are deadlier in the developing world...

Threat of resistance to anti-fungal drugs under-recognised

An international team, led by researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Exeter, warns that improvements are needed in how existing drugs...

Blood type link to severity of E. coli infections

A study shows that a kind of E. coli most associated with "traveller’s diarrhoea" and children in underdeveloped areas of the world causes more...

Measles vaccine improves child survival beyond protecting against measles

In the largest study to date on children in a low/middle income country, researchers from the Navrongo Health Research Centre, Ghana, OPEN, Institute of...

Improving flu forecasting with 'smart thermometer' data

A new approach tested by researchers at the University of Iowa shows that de-identified data from a "smart thermometer" connected to a mobile phone...

Regular surfers more likely to carry antibiotic resistant E. coli

Regular surfers and bodyboarders are three times more likely to have antibiotic resistant E. coli in their guts than non-surfers. Conducted by the University...

Discharge delays may be cause of sharp rise in deaths in the UK

The increased prevalence delays in discharge from hospital was associated with the sharp rise in mortality in England in 2015, accounting for up to...

Early and middle adulthood weight gain increases chronic disease risk

Weight gain from early adulthood (age 18 or 21 years) to age 55 was associated with an increased risk of major chronic diseases, such...

Removal of Tamiflu from WHO Essential Medicines list comes 'far too late'

Mark Ebell, professor of epidemiology at the University of Georgia, outlines in an editorial, important lessons from the Tamiflu story. Tamiflu (oseltamivir) was approved by...

Brainy teens less likely to smoke, more likely to drink and use cannabis

In a sample of over 6,000 young people in England, high childhood academic at age 11 is associated with a reduced risk of cigarette...

Children of advantaged older women have better cognitive ability

In contrast to 40 years ago, children born to older mothers today are more likely to perform better in cognitive ability tests than those...

Bacterial growth stimulated by antibiotics

University of Exeter researchers exposed E.coli bacteria to eight rounds of antibiotic treatment over four days and found that they hads peedier and increased antibiotic...

Is altitude linked to metabolic syndrome risk?

People living between 457-2,297m, had a lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome than those living at sea level (0-121m, found a Spanish prospective cohort...

Old antibiotic tweaked against drug resistant bacteria

Researchers have tweaked an old antibiotic and boosted its effectiveness against six different drug-resistant bacteria that cause common respiratory and sexually transmitted diseases.

Single motherhood links to later poor health

Single motherhood before age 50 links to poorer health in later life, with risks greatest for lone mums in England, the US, and Scandinavia.

Kids’ self-control impacts health outcomes

Conscientious children are less likely to smoke in later life and the personality trait could help explain health inequalities, data from the US National Child Development Study suggests.

Benefits of a drink a day 'exaggerated'

UK researchers say the health benefits of having a drink a day may be exaggerated. Only women over age 65, if anyone, might get a protective effect from light drinking, compared to people who never drank.

Fluoride study raises public health concerns

Water fluoridation above a certain level is linked to 30% higher than expected rates of hypothyroidism in England, new research suggests

Just 10-a-day doubles premature death risk

The first large-scale, direct evidence on smoking and mortality in Australia shows up to 1.8m of the country’s 2.7m smokers will die from their habit if they continue to smoke.

Drinking and using AI medication

Data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey shows that almost 42% of American drinkers have used alcohol-interactive (AI) prescription medications, putting themselves at risk of 'serious alcohol and medication interactions'.

Blistering sunburns before 20 years increases melanoma risk

With incidence rates of melanoma rising for at least 30 years, it is not surprising that new research suggests that five or more blistering...

Vitamin D: barometer of health but no need for supplementation

Two large studies, published in the British Medical Journal and based on data from more than 1m people, show that people with low vitamin...