Wednesday, 17 August, 2022
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Editor's Pick

At last we know: The Mona Lisa IS happy!

In perhaps the world's most recognised painting, Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa, her supposedly ambiguous expression - is she happy or sad? - was...

Conflicting guidelines on care for cancer survivors

Treatment guidelines on care for survivors of the most common cancers often lack specifics or offer conflicting advice about when or how often to...

The history of first HIV/Aids drug

Today, if someone is diagnosed with HIV, he or she can choose among 41 drugs that can treat the disease. And there’s a good...

Gene-silencing drug helps to halve cholesterol levels

The first in a new class of gene-silencing drugs, known as inclisiran, has halved cholesterol levels in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. The...

Heart failure risk scale validated for clinical practice

A study has found the Ottawa Heart Failure Risk Scale (OHFRS) tool to be highly sensitive for serious adverse event in acute heart failure...

Testosterone Tx improves bone density and anaemia, but with heart risk

Testosterone treatment improved bone density and anaemia for men over 65 with unequivocally low testosterone, but did not improve cognitive function and did increase...

Assessing effect of exercise and supplements on muscle mass and function

Physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in healthy subjects aged 60 and older but the interactive effect of...

Low carb diets should be considered for diabetes management

Following a reduced carbohydrate diet can help to lower blood glucose levels, providing a safe and effective strategy for managing diabetes, a London Metropolitan University systematic...

Secondhand sugar found to pass through breast milk

Fructose, not a natural component of breast milk, is passed from mother to infant through breast milk, found a small proof-of-concept study from the University...

Mediterranean diet may reduce breast cancer risk by 40%

Following a Mediterranean diet could help reduce the risk of contracting one of the worst types of breast cancer by 40%, according to a...

Team finds way to keep lung functioning outside the body

A multidisciplinary team for the first time maintained a fully functional lung outside the body for several days. In a US study, they describe...

The role of running ability and gender in marathon performance decline

In elite male marathon runners, performance starts to decline by about two minutes per year at age 35, while for an average runner the...

Blood test has potential to detect ovarian cancer

A blood test every four months could help women at high-risk of ovarian cancer find tumours early, found a UK study. There is currently no...

More vigilant monitoring of PPIs by doctors needed

A study evaluating the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in 125,000 patients indicates that more than half of patients who develop chronic kidney...

Institutional time in young adoptees a marker for later mental health problems

Despite living in strong and supportive families for over 20 years, many children exposed to severe early deprivation in Romanian institutions aged 0-3 experience...

Once-off screening test slashes bowel cancer risk

A single flexible sigmoidoscopy provides substantial protection from colorectal cancer diagnosis and death, with protection lasting at least 17 years, found a large UK...

Gluten-free diets increase toxic metal exposure risk

People who eat a gluten-free diet may be at risk for increased exposure to arsenic and mercury – toxic metals that can lead to...

Long-distance running makes muscles work more efficiently

Those who regularly ran 30 miles or more a week showed neuromuscular changes that improved their running efficiency, meaning they needed to do less...

Physical AND mental health problems for low birth-weight babies

Babies born with extremely low birth weight are not only at risk for physical problems but are also more likely to experience mental health...

Swapping out armpit bacteria can end bad body odour

Swapping the underarm microbiome of someone with a body odour problem, with that of a less smelly relative, saw improvements in that in half of...

Digital compulsion not pathology but how mind is wired

The digital compulsion to spend hours each day online is not as a pathology bu sheds light on some of the mind’s most salient, and utterly...

Anti-diarrhoea antibiotics favour particularly resistant super bacteria

Anti-diarrhoea antibiotics, especially in Africa, Asia and South America, not only render the tourist susceptible to an ESBL infection, but also lead to the...

Using Ottawa Rule would free up emergency room beds

A large study validated the Ottawa Chest Pain Cardiac Monitoring Rule that could safely take a third of chest pain patients in the emergency...

Using the same GP over time means fewer avoidable hospital admissions

Older patients who see the same general practitioner over time experience fewer avoidable admissions to hospital for certain conditions, a large study in England...

Slightly better US mortality outcomes for foreign-trained doctors

US patients may have lower mortality rates if their doctors were trained at foreign medical schools rather than at US universities, a Harvard study...

Influence of pets on childhood development

Children get more satisfaction from relationships with their pets than with their brothers or sisters, according to a small study from the University of...

Twice-daily radiation therapy cuts deaths from head and neck cancer

Treating head and neck cancer patients with a twice-daily radiation therapy combined with chemotherapy could save more lives, according to research presented at the...

Glucose supplements reduce the length of induced labour

Glucose supplementation significantly reduces the length of the first and second stages of labour without increasing the rate of complication in induced, nulliparous women,...

Grilled, smoked and barbecued meats may increase breast cancer mortality

Women who eat a lot of grilled, smoked and barbecued meats and develop breast cancer may be more likely to die from their cancer...

Cognitive impairment risk high for patients with HIV

More than half of patients with HIV who participated in a cross-sectional study screened positive for cognitive impairment, researchers in Ireland reported. According to a...

Association between hot red chili pepper consumption and mortality

A large population-based prospective study in the US found that consumption of hot red chili pepper was associated with 13% reduction in total mortality,...

Natural dentine restoration may revolutionise dental care

A novel, biological approach to dentine restoration via the mobilisation of resident stem cells in the tooth pulp, has been developed at King's College...

Yoga benefits in chronic non-specific lower back pain – Cochrane review

A Cochrane systematic review suggests that yoga may lead to a reduction in pain and functional ability in people with chronic non-specific lower back...

Catheter safeguards slash infections and hospital costs

Interventions related to central venous catheters were, on average, associated with 57% fewer bloodstream infections and substantial savings to hospitals, found a multi-centre analysis. US...

Running actually lowers inflammation in knee joints

In younger individuals, inflammation markers actually decrease in the knee joint after running, and running thus may help delay the onset of joint degenerative...

Up to 50% of ICU stays may be unnecessary

Intensive Care Units (ICUs), which provide the most expensive and invasive forms of care in a hospital setting, are being used too often for...